CHEENAR to CHEROOT
CHEENAR, s. P. chinar, the Oriental Plane (Platanus orientalis) and platanus of the ancients ; native from Greece to Persia. It is often by English travellers in Persia miscalled sycamore from confusion with the common British tree (Acer pseudo-platanus), which English people also habitually miscall sycamore, and Scotch people miscall plane-tree ! Our quotations show how old the confusion is. The tree is not a native of India, though there are fine chinars in Kashmere, and a few in old native gardens in the Punjab, introduced in the days of the Moghul emperors. The tree is the Arbre Sec of Marco Polo (see 2nd ed. vol. i. 131, 132). Chinars of especial vastness and beauty are described by H erodotus and Pliny, by Chardin and others. At Buyukdereh near Constantinople, is still shown the Plane under which Godfrey of Boulogne is said to have encamped. At Tejrish, N. of Teheran, Sir H. Rawlinson tells us that he measured a great chinar which has a girth of 108 feet at 5 feet from the ground.
c. 1628.The gardens here are many abounding in lofty pyramidall cypresses, broad-spreading Chenawrs. Sir T. Herbert, 136.
[1835. the island Char chúnar a skilful monument of the Moghul Emperor, who named it from the four plane trees he planted on the spot.Hügel, Travels in Kashmir, 112.
[1872.I encamped under some enormous chunar or oriental plane trees.Wilson, Abode of Snow, 370.]
Chinar is alleged to be in Badakhshan applied to a species of poplar.
CHEENY, s. See under SUGAR.
CHEESE, s. This word is well known to be used in modern English slang for anything good, first-rate
in quality, genuine, pleasant, or advantageous (Slang Dict.). And the most probable source of the term
is P. and H. chiz, thing. For the expression used to be common among Anglo-Indians, e.g., My new
Arab is the real chiz ; These cheroots are the real chiz, i.e. the real thing. The word may have been
an Anglo-Indian importation, and it is difficult otherwise to account for it. [This view is accepted by the
N.E.D. ; for other explanations see 1 ser. N. & Q. viii. 89 ; 3 ser. vii. 465, 505.]
CHEETA, s. H. chita, the Felis jubata, Schreber, [Cynaelurus jubatus, Blanford], or Hunting Leopard,
so called from its being commonly trained to use in the chase. From Skt. chitraka, or chitrakaya, lit.
having a speckled body.
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