(Tou"pet*tit) n. [See Topet, toupee.] (Zoöl.) The crested titmouse. [Prov. Eng.]

(Tour) n. [F. tour. See Tower.] A tower. [Obs.] Chaucer.

(Tour) n. [F. tour. See Turn, v. t.]

1. A going round; a circuit; hence, a journey in a circuit; a prolonged circuitous journey; a comprehensive excursion; as, the tour of Europe; the tour of France or England.

The bird of Jove stooped from his airy tour.

2. A turn; a revolution; as, the tours of the heavenly bodies. [Obs.] Blackmore.

3. (Mil.) anything done successively, or by regular order; a turn; as, a tour of duty.

Syn. — Journey; excursion. See Journey.

(Tour) v. i. [imp. & p. p. Toured ; p. pr. & vb. n. Touring.] To make a tourm; as, to tour throught a country. T. Hughes.

(Tou*ra"co) n. (Zoöl.) Same as Turacou.

(Tour*bil"lion) n. [F. torbillion a whirlwind, tourbillion, fr. L. turbo, -inis, a whirl, whirlwind.] An ornamental firework which turns round, when in the air, so as to form a scroll of fire. G. Francis.

(Tour"ist) n. One who makes a tour, or performs a journey in a circuit.

(Tour"ma*line) n. [F. tourmaline, cf. It. turmalina, tormalina, NL. turmalina, turmalinus; all fr. tournamal, a name given to this stone in Ceylon.] (Min.) A mineral occurring usually in three-sided or six-sided prisms terminated by rhombohedral or scalenohedral planes. Black tourmaline (schorl) is the most common variety, but there are also other varieties, as the blue red also green, brown, and white. The red and green varieties when transparent are valued as jewels. [Written also turmaline .]

Crystals of tourmaline when heated exhibit electric polarity (see Pyroelectric, n.). Tourmaline is also used in the form of a polariscope called tourmaline tongs.

(Tourn) n. [See Turn]

1. A spinning wheel. [Prov. Eng.]

2. (O.Eng.Law) The sheriff's turn, or court.

(Tour"na*ment) n. [OE. turnement, tornement, OF. torneiement, tornoiement, F. tournoiement a turning or wheeling round. See Tourney.]

1. A mock fight, or warlike game, formerly in great favor, in which a number of combatants were engaged, as an exhibition of their address and bravery; hence, figuratively, a real battle. "In battle and in tourneyment." Chaucer.

With cruel tournament the squadrons join.

It different from the joust, which was a trial of skill between one man and another.

2. Any contest of skill in which there are many contestents for championship; as, a chess tournament.

(Tourn"er*y) n. Work turned on a lathe; turnery. [Obs.] See Turnery. Evelyn.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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