Toparch to Topstone
(To"parch) n. [L. toparcha, Gr. a place + to govern, to rule.] The ruler or principal man in a
place or country; the governor of a toparchy.
The prince and toparch of that country.Fuller.
(To"parch*y) n.; pl. Toparchies [L. toparchia, Gr. . See Toparch.] A small state, consisting
of a few cities or towns; a petty country governed by a toparch; as, Judea was formerly divided into ten
(Top"-ar`mor) n. (Naut.) A top railing supported by stanchions and equipped with netting.
(To"pau) n. (Zoöl.) The rhinocerous bird (a).
(To"paz) n. [OE. topas, F. topaze, L. topazos, or topazion, a kind of precious stone, Gr. to`pazos,
topa`zion; possibly akin to Skr. tap to glow According to some, the name is from Topazos, a small
island in the Red Sea, where the Romans obtained a stone which they called by this name, but which
is the chrysolite of the moderns.]
1. (Min.) A mineral occurring in rhombic prisms, generally yellowish and pellucid, also colorless, and
of greenesh, bluish, or brownish shades. It sometimes occurs massive and opaque. It is a fluosilicate of
alumina, and is used as a gem.
2. (Zoöl.) Either one of two species of large, brilliantly colored humming birds of the Topaza, of South
America and the West Indies.
The two tail feathers next to the central ones are much longer that the rest, curved, and crossed. The
Throat is metallic yellowish-green, with a tint like topaz in the center, the belly is bright crimson, the back
bright red. Called also topaz hummer.
False topaz. (Min.) See the Note under Quartz.
(To*paz"o*lite) n. [Topaz + - lite; cf. F. topazolithe.] (Min.) A topaz-yellow variety of garnet.
(Top"-block`) n. (Naut.) A large ironbound block strapped with a hook, and, when used,
hung to an eyebolt in the cap, used in swaying and lowering the topmast. Totten.
(Top"-boots) n. pl. High boots, having generally a band of some kind of light-colored leather
around the upper part of the leg; riding boots.
(Top"-chain`) n. (Naut.) A chain for slinging the lower yards, in time of action, to prevent
their falling, if the ropes by which they are hung are shot away.
(Top"-cloth) n. (Naut.) A piece of canvas used to cover the hammocks which are lashed to
the top in action to protect the topmen.
(Top"coat`) n. An outer coat; an overcoat.
(Top"-drain`) v. t. To drain the surface of, as land; as, to top-drain a field or farm.
(Top"-drain`ing), n. The act or practice of drining the surface of land.
(Top"-dress`) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Top-dressed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Top-dressing.] To apply a
surface dressing of manureto,as land.
(Top"-dress`ing), n. The act of applying a dressing of manure to the surface of land; also,
manure so applied.