(Sump"tu*ous) a. [L. sumptuosus, fr. sumptus expanse, cost: cf. F. somptueux. See
Sumptuary.] Involving large outlay or expense; costly; expensive; hence, luxurious; splendid; magnificient; as,
a sumptuous house or table; sumptuous apparel.
We are too magnificient and sumptuous in our tables and attendance.Atterbury.
She spoke, and turned her sumptuous head, with eyesTennyson.
Of shining expectation fixed on mine.
Sump"tu*ous*ly, adv. Sump"tu*ous*ness, n.
(Sun) n. (Bot.) See Sunn.
(Sun) n. [OE. sunne, sonne, AS. sunne; akin to OFries. sunne, D. zon, OS. & OHG. sunna, G.
sonne, Icel. sunna, Goth. sunna; perh. fr. same root as L. sol. &radic297. Cf. Solar, South.]
1. The luminous orb, the light of which constitutes day, and its absence night; the central body round
which the earth and planets revolve, by which they are held in their orbits, and from which they receive
light and heat. Its mean distance from the earth is about 92,500,000 miles, and its diameter about 860,000.
Its mean apparent diameter as seen from the earth is 32&prime 4&Prime, and it revolves on its own
axis once in 25&frac13 days. Its mean density is about one fourth of that of the earth, or 1.41, that of
water being unity. Its luminous surface is called the photosphere, above which is an envelope consisting
partly of hydrogen, called the chromosphere, which can be seen only through the spectroscope, or
at the time of a total solar eclipse. Above the chromosphere, and sometimes extending out millions of
miles, are luminous rays or streams of light which are visible only at the time of a total eclipse, forming
the solar corona.
2. Any heavenly body which forms the center of a system of orbs.
3. The direct light or warmth of the sun; sunshine.
Lambs that did frisk in the sun.Shak.
4. That which resembles the sun, as in splendor or importance; any source of light, warmth, or animation.
For the Lord God is a sun and shield.Ps. lxxiv. 11.
I will never consent to put out the sun of sovereignity to posterity.Eikon Basilike. Sun and planet wheels (Mach.), an ingenious contrivance for converting reciprocating motion, as
that of the working beam of a steam engine, into rotatory motion. It consists of a toothed wheel firmly
secured to the shaft it is desired to drive, and another wheel (called the planet wheel) secured to the
end of a connecting rod. By the motion of the connecting rod, the planet wheel is made to circulate
round the central wheel on the shaft, communicating to this latter a velocity of revolution the double of
its own. G. Francis. Sun angel (Zoöl.), a South American humming bird of the genus Heliangelos,
noted for its beautiful colors and the brilliant luster of the feathers of its throat. Sun animalcute.
(Zoöl.) See Heliozoa. Sun bath (Med.), exposure of a patient to the sun's rays; insolation. Sun
bear (Zoöl.), a species of bear (Helarctos Malayanus) native of Southern Asia and Borneo. It has a
small head and short neck, and fine short glossy fur, mostly black, but brownish on the nose. It is easily
tamed. Called also bruang, and Malayan bear. Sun beetle (Zoöl.), any small lustrous beetle of the
genus Amara. Sun bittern (Zoöl.), a singular South American bird in some respects related both to
the rails and herons. It is beautifully variegated with white, brown, and black. Called also sunbird, and
tiger bittern. Sun fever (Med.), the condition of fever produced by sun stroke. Sun gem (Zoöl.),
a Brazilian humming bird (Heliactin cornutus). Its head is ornamented by two tufts of bright colored feathers,
fiery crimson at the base and greenish yellow at the tip. Called also Horned hummer. Sun grebe
(Zoöl.), the finfoot. Sun picture, a picture taken by the agency of the sun's rays; a photograph.