(Sad) a. [Compar. Sadder ; supperl. Saddest.] [OE. sad sated, tired, satisfied, firm, steadfast,
AS. sæd satisfied, sated; akin to D. zat, OS. sad, G. satt, OHG. sat, Icel. saðr, saddr, Goth. saþs,
Lith. sotus, L. sat, satis, enough, satur sated, Gr. 'a`menai to satiate, 'a`dnh enough. Cf. Assets,
Sate, Satiate, Satisfy, Satire.]
1. Sated; satisfied; weary; tired. [Obs.]
Yet of that art they can not waxen sad,Chaucer.
For unto them it is a bitter sweet.
2. Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard. [Obs., except in a few phrases; as, sad bread.]
His hand, more sad than lump of lead.Spenser.
Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad.Mortimer.
3. Dull; grave; dark; somber; said of colors. "Sad-colored clothes." Walton.
Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors.Mortimer.
4. Serious; grave; sober; steadfast; not light or frivolous. [Obs.] "Ripe and sad courage." Chaucer.
Lady Catharine, a sad and religious woman.Bacon.
Which treaty was wisely handled by sad and discrete counsel of both parties.Ld. Berners.
5. Affected with grief or unhappiness; cast down with affliction; downcast; gloomy; mournful.
First were we sad, fearing you would not come;Shak.
Now sadder, that you come so unprovided.
The angelic guards ascended, mute and sad.Milton.
6. Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow; as, a sad accident; a sad misfortune.
7. Hence, bad; naughty; troublesome; wicked. [Colloq.] "Sad tipsy fellows, both of them." I. Taylor.
Sad is sometimes used in the formation of self- explaining compounds; as, sad-colored, sad-eyed, sad-
hearted, sad-looking, and the like.
Sad bread, heavy bread. [Scot. & Local, U.S.] Bartlett.
Syn. Sorrowful; mournful; gloomy; dejected; depressed; cheerless; downcast; sedate; serious; grave; grievous; afflictive; calamitous.
(Sad), v. t. To make sorrowful; to sadden. [Obs.]
How it sadded the minister's spirits!H. Peters.
(||Sad"da) n. [Per. sad-dar the hundred gates or ways; sad a hundred + dar door, way.] A
work in the Persian tongue, being a summary of the Zend- Avesta, or sacred books.
(Sad"den) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Saddened ; p. pr. & vb. n. Saddening.] To make sad. Specifically:
(a) To render heavy or cohesive. [Obs.]
Marl is binding, and saddening of land is the great prejudice it doth to clay lands.Mortimer.
(b) To make dull- or sad-colored, as cloth. (c) To make grave or serious; to make melancholy or sorrowful.
Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene.Pope.