Retard, or Age, of the tide, the interval between the transit of the moon at which a tide originates and the appearance of the tide itself. It is found, in general, that any particular tide is not principally due to the moon's transit immediately proceeding, but to a transit which has occured some time before, and which is said to correspond to it. The retard of the tide is thus distinguished from the lunitidal interval. See under Retardation. Ham. Nav. Encyc.

(Re`tar*da"tion) n. [L. retardatio: cf. F. retardation.]

1. The act of retarding; hindrance; the act of delaying; as, the retardation of the motion of a ship; — opposed to acceleration.

The retardations of our fluent motion.
De Quinsey.

2. That which retards; an obstacle; an obstruction.

Hills, sloughs, and other terrestrial retardations.
Sir W. Scott.

3. (Mus.) The keeping back of an approaching consonant chord by prolonging one or more tones of a previous chord into the intermediate chord which follows; — differing from suspension by resolving upwards instead of downwards.

4. The extent to which anything is retarded; the amount of retarding or delay.

Retardation of the tide. (a) The lunitidal interval, or the hour angle of the moon at the time of high tide any port; the interval between the transit of the moon and the time of high tide next following. (b) The age of the tide; the retard of the tide. See under Retard, n.

(Re*tard"a*tive) a. [Cf. F. retardatif.] Tending, or serving, to retard.

(Re*tard"er) n. One who, or that which, retards.

Retaliation to Retire

(Re*tal`i*a"tion) n. The act of retaliating, or of returning like for like; retribution; now, specifically, the return of evil for evil; e.g., an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.

God . . . takes what is done to others as done to himself, and by promise obloges himself to full retaliation.

Syn. — Requital; reprisal; retribution; punishment.

(Re*tal"i*a*tive) a. Same as Retaliatory.

(Re*tal"i*a*to*ry) a. Tending to, or involving, retaliation; retaliative; as retaliatory measures.

(Re*tard") v. t. [imp. & p. p. Retarded; p. pr. & vb. n. Retarding.] [L. retardare, retardatum; pref. re- re- + tardare to make slow, to delay, fr. tardus slow: cf. F. retarder. See Tardy.]

1. To keep delaying; to continue to hinder; to prevent from progress; to render more slow in progress; to impede; to hinder; as, to retard the march of an army; to retard the motion of a ship; — opposed to accelerate.

2. To put off; to postpone; as, to retard the attacks of old age; to retard a rupture between nations.

Syn. — To impede; hinder; obstruct; detain; delay; procrastinate; postpone; defer.

(Re*tard"), v. i. To stay back. [Obs.] Sir. T. Browne.

(Re*tard"), n. Retardation; delay.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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