Residentiaryship to Resolution
(Res`i*den"tia*ry*ship), n. The office or condition of a residentiary.
(Res"i*dent*ship) n. The office or condition of a resident.
(Re*sid"er) n. One who resides in a place.
Residual air (Physiol.), that portion of air contained in the lungs which can not be expelled even by
the most violent expiratory effort. It amounts to from 75 to 100 cubic inches. Cf. Supplemental air,
under Supplemental. Residual error. (Mensuration) See Error, 6 (b). Residual figure (Geom.),
the figure which remains after a less figure has been taken from a greater one. Residual magnetism
(Physics), remanent magnetism. See under Remanent. Residual product, a by product, as cotton
waste from a cotton mill, coke and coal tar from gas works, etc. Residual quantity (Alg.), a binomial
quantity the two parts of which are connected by the negative sign, as a-b. Residual root (Alg.),
the root of a residual quantity, as &radic(a-b).
(Re*sid"u*al) a. [See Residue.] Pertaining to a residue; remaining after a part is taken.
(Re*sid"u*al), n. (Math.) (a) The difference of the results obtained by observation, and by
computation from a formula. (b) The difference between the mean of several observations and any one
Residuary clause (Law), that part of the testator's will in which the residue of his estate is disposed
of. Residuary devise (Law), the person to whom the residue of real estate is devised by a will. - -
Residuary legatee (Law), the person to whom the residue of personal estate is bequeathed.
(Re*sid"u*a*ry) a. [See Residue.] Consisting of residue; as, residuary matter; pertaining to
the residue, or part remaining; as, the residuary advantage of an estate. Ayliffe.
(Res"i*due) n. [F. résidu, L. residuum, fr. residuus that is left behind, remaining, fr. residere
to remain behind. See Reside, and cf. Residuum.]
1. That which remains after a part is taken, separated, removed, or designated; remnant; remainder.
The residue of them will I deliver to the sword.Jer. xv. 9.
If church power had then prevailed over its victims, not a residue of English liberty would have been
2. (Law) That part of a testeator's estate wwhich is not disposed of in his will by particular and special
legacies and devises, and which remains after payment of debts and legacies.
3. (Chem.) That which remains of a molecule after the removal of a portion of its constituents; hence,
an atom or group regarded as a portion of a molecule; used as nearly equivalent to radical, but in a
more general sense.
The term radical is sometimes restricted to groups containing carbon, the term residue being applied
to the others.
4. (Theory of Numbers) Any positive or negative number that differs from a given number by a multiple
of a given modulus; thus, if 7 is the modulus, and 9 the given number, the numbers -5, 2, 16, 23, etc.,
Syn. Rest; remainder; remnant; balance; residuum; remains; leavings; relics.
(Re*sid"u*ous) a. [L. residuus.] Remaining; residual. Landor.