2. Resisting ordinary treatment; difficult of fusion, reduction, or the like; — said especially of metals and the like, which do not readily yield to heat, or to the hammer; as, a refractory ore.

Syn. — Perverse; contumacious; unruly; stubborn; obstinate; unyielding; ungovernable; unmanageable.

(Re*frac"to*ry), n.

1. A refractory person. Bp. Hall.

2. Refractoriness. [Obs.] Jer. TAylor.

3. OPottery) A piece of ware covered with a vaporable flux and placed in a kiln, to communicate a glaze to the other articles. Knight.

(Re*frac"ture) n. (Surg.) A second breaking (as of a badly set bone) by the surgeon.

(Re*frac"ture), v. t. (Surg.) To break again, as a bone.

(Ref"ra*ga*ble) a. [LL. refragabilis, fr. L. refragari to oppose.] Capable of being refuted; refutable. [R.] — Ref"ra*ga*ble*ness, n. [R.] — Ref`ra*ga*bil"i*ty n. [R.]

(Ref"ra*gate) v. i. [L. refragatus, p. p. of refragor.] To oppose. [R.] Glanvill.

(Re*frain") v. t. [imp. & p. p. Refrained (-fr?nd"); p. pr. & vb/ n. Refraining.] [OE. refreinen, OF. refrener, F. refrner, fr. L. refrenare; influenced by OF. refraindre to restrain, moderate, fr. LL. refrangere, for L. refringere to break up, break (see Refract). L. refrenare is fr. pref. re- back + frenum bridle; cf. Skr. dh to hold.]

1. To hold back; to restrain; to keep within prescribed bounds; to curb; to govern.

His reson refraineth not his foul delight or talent.

Refrain thy foot from their path.
Prov. i. 15.

2. To abstain from [Obs.]

Who, requiring a remedy for his gout, received no other counsel than to refrain cold drink.
Sir T. Browne.

(Re*frain"), v. i. To keep one's self from action or interference; to hold aloof; to forbear; to abstain.

Refrain from these men, and let them alone.
Acts v. 38.

They refrained therefrom [eating flesh] some time after.
Sir T. Browne.

Syn. — To hold back; forbear; abstain; withhold.

(Re*frain"), n. [F. refrain, fr. OF. refraindre; cf. Pr. refranhs a refrain, refranher to repeat. See Refrain, v.] The burden of a song; a phrase or verse which recurs at the end of each of the separate stanzas or divisions of a poetic composition.

We hear the wild refrain.

(Re*frain"er) n. One who refrains.

(Re*frain"ment) n. Act of refraining. [R.]

(Re*frame") v. t. To frame again or anew.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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