2. Resisting ordinary treatment; difficult of fusion, reduction, or the like; said especially of metals and
the like, which do not readily yield to heat, or to the hammer; as, a refractory ore.
Syn. Perverse; contumacious; unruly; stubborn; obstinate; unyielding; ungovernable; unmanageable.
1. A refractory person. Bp. Hall.
2. Refractoriness. [Obs.] Jer. TAylor.
3. OPottery) A piece of ware covered with a vaporable flux and placed in a kiln, to communicate a glaze
to the other articles. Knight.
(Re*frac"ture) n. (Surg.) A second breaking (as of a badly set bone) by the surgeon.
(Re*frac"ture), v. t. (Surg.) To break again, as a bone.
(Ref"ra*ga*ble) a. [LL. refragabilis, fr. L. refragari to oppose.] Capable of being refuted; refutable.
[R.] Ref"ra*ga*ble*ness, n. [R.] Ref`ra*ga*bil"i*ty n. [R.]
(Ref"ra*gate) v. i. [L. refragatus, p. p. of refragor.] To oppose. [R.] Glanvill.
(Re*frain") v. t. [imp. & p. p. Refrained (-fr?nd"); p. pr. & vb/ n. Refraining.] [OE. refreinen,
OF. refrener, F. refrner, fr. L. refrenare; influenced by OF. refraindre to restrain, moderate, fr. LL. refrangere,
for L. refringere to break up, break (see Refract). L. refrenare is fr. pref. re- back + frenum bridle; cf.
Skr. dh to hold.]
1. To hold back; to restrain; to keep within prescribed bounds; to curb; to govern.
His reson refraineth not his foul delight or talent.Chaucer.
Refrain thy foot from their path.Prov. i. 15.
2. To abstain from [Obs.]
Who, requiring a remedy for his gout, received no other counsel than to refrain cold drink.Sir T. Browne.
(Re*frain"), v. i. To keep one's self from action or interference; to hold aloof; to forbear; to abstain.
Refrain from these men, and let them alone.Acts v. 38.
They refrained therefrom [eating flesh] some time after.Sir T. Browne.
Syn. To hold back; forbear; abstain; withhold.
(Re*frain"), n. [F. refrain, fr. OF. refraindre; cf. Pr. refranhs a refrain, refranher to repeat. See
Refrain, v.] The burden of a song; a phrase or verse which recurs at the end of each of the separate
stanzas or divisions of a poetic composition.
We hear the wild refrain.Whittier.
(Re*frain"er) n. One who refrains.
(Re*frain"ment) n. Act of refraining. [R.]
(Re*frame") v. t. To frame again or anew.