5. To bring into a certain order, arrangement, classification, etc.; to bring under rules or within certain
limits of descriptions and terms adapted to use in computation; as, to reduce animals or vegetables to a
class or classes; to reduce a series of observations in astronomy; to reduce language to rules.
6. (Arith.) (a) To change, as numbers, from one denomination into another without altering their value,
or from one denomination into others of the same value; as, to reduce pounds, shillings, and pence to
pence, or to reduce pence to pounds; to reduce days and hours to minutes, or minutes to days and
hours. (b) To change the form of a quantity or expression without altering its value; as, to reduce fractions
to their lowest terms, to a common denominator, etc.
7. (Chem.) To bring to the metallic state by separating from impurities; hence, in general, to remove
oxygen from; to deoxidize; to combine with, or to subject to the action of, hydrogen; as, ferric iron is reduced
to ferrous iron; or metals are reduced from their ores; opposed to oxidize.
8. (Med.) To restore to its proper place or condition, as a displaced organ or part; as, to reduce a
dislocation, a fracture, or a hernia.
Reduced iron (Chem.), metallic iron obtained through deoxidation of an oxide of iron by exposure
to a current of hydrogen or other reducing agent. When hydrogen is used the product is called also
iron by hydrogen. To reduce an equation (Alg.), to bring the unknown quantity by itself on one
side, and all the known quantities on the other side, without destroying the equation. To reduce an
expression (Alg.), to obtain an equivalent expression of simpler form. To reduce a square (Mil.),
to reform the line or column from the square.
Syn. To diminish; lessen; decrease; abate; shorten; curtail; impair; lower; subject; subdue; subjugate; conquer.