Quinary system (Zoöl.), a fanciful classification based on the hypothesis that each group contains five
(Qui"na*ry) a. [L. quinarius, from quini five each, akin to quinque five: cf. F. quinaire. See
Five.] Consisting of five; arranged by fives. Boyle.
(Qui"nate) a. [L. quini five each.] (Bot.) Growing in sets of five; said especially of leaves
composed of five leaflets set at the end of a common petiole.
(Qui"nate) n. (Chem.) A salt of quinic acid. [Written also kinate.]
(Quin"a*zol) n. [Quinoline + azote.] (Chem.) A complex nitrogenous base related to cinnoline.
[Written also chinazol.]
(Quince) n. [Prob. a pl. from OE. quyne, coin, OF. coin, cooin, F. coing, from L. Cydonius
a quince tree, as adj., Cydonian, Gr. Cydonian, a quince, fr. Cydonia, a city in Crete, the Cydonians.
1. The fruit of a shrub (Cydonia vulgaris) belonging to the same tribe as the apple. It somewhat resembles
an apple, but differs in having many seeds in each carpel. It has hard flesh of high flavor, but very acid,
and is largely used for marmalade, jelly, and preserves.
2. (Bot.) a quince tree or shrub.
Japan quince (Bot.), an Eastern Asiatic shrub (Cydonia, formerly Pyrus, Japonica) and its very fragrant
but inedible fruit. The shrub has very showy flowers, usually red, but sometimes pink or white, and is
much grown for ornament. Quince curculio (Zoöl.), a small gray and yellow curculio (Conotrachelus
cratægi) whose larva lives in quinces. Quince tree (Bot.), the small tree (Cydonia vulgaris) which
produces the quince.
(Quince"wort`) n. (Bot.) The squinancy. Called also quinsywort.
(Quinch) v. i. [Cf. OD. quincken to quiver, shake, Fries. quink hovering. Cf. Quich.] To
stir; to wince. [Obs.] Spenser.
(Quin*cun"cial) [L. quincuncialis, from quincunx. See Quincunx.]
1. Having the form of a quincunx.
2. (Bot.) Having the leaves of a pentamerous calyx or corolla so imbricated that two are exterior, two
are interior, and the other has one edge exterior and one interior; as, quincuncial æstivation.
Quincuncial phyllotaxy (Bot.), an arrangement of five leaves in a spiral, each leaf two fifths of a circle
from the next.
(Quin*cun"cial*ly), adv. In the manner or order of a quincunx.
(Quin"cunx) n. [L., fr. quinque five + uncia an ounce. The quincunx was marked by five
small spots or balls. See Five, and Ounce the weight.]
1. An arrangement of things by fives in a square or a rectangle, one being placed at each corner and
one in the middle; especially, such an arrangement of trees repeated indefinitely, so as to form a regular
group with rows running in various directions.
2. (Astrol.) The position of planets when distant from each other five signs, or 150°. Hutton.