Pentathionic to Peppery
(Pen`ta*thi*on"ic) a. [Penta- + thionic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid of
sulphur obtained by leading hydrogen sulphide into a solution of sulphur dioxide; so called because it
contains five atoms of sulphur.
(||Pen*tath"lon) n. [NL., fr. Gr. five + a contest.] (Gr. Antiq.) A fivefold athletic performance
peculiar to the great national games of the Greeks, including leaping, foot racing, wrestling, throwing the
discus, and throwing the spear.
(Pen`ta*tom"ic) a. [Penta- + atomic.] (Chem.) (a) Having five atoms in the molecule.
(b) Having five hydrogen atoms capable of substitution.
(Pen*tav"a*lent) a. [Penta- + L. valens, p. pr. See Valence.] (Chem.) Having a valence
of five; said of certain atoms and radicals.
(Pen"te*con`ter) n. [Gr. (sc. ), fr. fifty.] (Gr. Antiq.) A Grecian vessel with fifty oars. [Written
(Pen"te*cost) n. [L. pentecoste, Gr. (sc. ) the fiftieth day, Pentecost, fr. fiftieth, fr. fifty, fr.
five. See Five, and cf. Pingster.]
1. A solemn festival of the Jews; so called because celebrated on the fiftieth day (seven weeks) after
the second day of the Passover (which fell on the sixteenth of the Jewish month Nisan); hence called,
also, the Feast of Weeks. At this festival an offering of the first fruits of the harvest was made. By the
Jews it was generally regarded as commemorative of the gift of the law on the fiftieth day after the departure
2. A festival of the Roman Catholic and other churches in commemoration of the descent of the Holy
Spirit on the apostles; which occurred on the day of Pentecost; called also Whitsunday. Shak.
(Pen`te*cos"tal) a. Of or pertaining to Pentecost or to Whitsuntide.
(Pen`te*cos"tals) n. pl. Offerings formerly made to the parish priest, or to the mother
church, at Pentecost. Shipley.
(Pen`te*cos"ter) n. [NL., fr. Gr. fr. fifty.] (Gr. Antiq.) An officer in the Spartan army commanding
fifty men. Mitford.
(Pen`te*cos"ty) n.; pl. Pentecosties [Gr. fr. the fiftieth, fifty.] (Gr. Antiq.) A troop of fifty
soldiers in the Spartan army; called also pentecostys. Jowett
(Pen*tel"ic Pen*tel"i*can) a. Of or pertaining to Mount Pentelicus, near Athens, famous for its
fine white marble quarries; obtained from Mount Pentelicus; as, the Pentelic marble of which the Parthenon
(Pen"tene) n. [See Penta-.] (Chem.) Same as Amylene.
(Pent"house`) n. [A corruption of pentice.] A shed or roof sloping from the main wall or
building, as over a door or window; a lean-to. Also figuratively. "The penthouse of his eyes." Sir W.
(Pent"house`), a. Leaning; overhanging. "Penthouse lid." Shak. "My penthouse eyebrows."
(Pen"tice) n. [F. appentis a penthouse. See Append.] A penthouse. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.
(Pen"tile`) n. See Pantile.