Pentathionic to Peppery

(Pen`ta*thi*on"ic) a. [Penta- + thionic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid of sulphur obtained by leading hydrogen sulphide into a solution of sulphur dioxide; — so called because it contains five atoms of sulphur.

(||Pen*tath"lon) n. [NL., fr. Gr. five + a contest.] (Gr. Antiq.) A fivefold athletic performance peculiar to the great national games of the Greeks, including leaping, foot racing, wrestling, throwing the discus, and throwing the spear.

(Pen`ta*tom"ic) a. [Penta- + atomic.] (Chem.) (a) Having five atoms in the molecule. (b) Having five hydrogen atoms capable of substitution.

(Pen*tav"a*lent) a. [Penta- + L. valens, p. pr. See Valence.] (Chem.) Having a valence of five; — said of certain atoms and radicals.

(Pen"te*con`ter) n. [Gr. (sc. ), fr. fifty.] (Gr. Antiq.) A Grecian vessel with fifty oars. [Written also pentaconter.]

(Pen"te*cost) n. [L. pentecoste, Gr. (sc. ) the fiftieth day, Pentecost, fr. fiftieth, fr. fifty, fr. five. See Five, and cf. Pingster.]

1. A solemn festival of the Jews; — so called because celebrated on the fiftieth day (seven weeks) after the second day of the Passover (which fell on the sixteenth of the Jewish month Nisan); — hence called, also, the Feast of Weeks. At this festival an offering of the first fruits of the harvest was made. By the Jews it was generally regarded as commemorative of the gift of the law on the fiftieth day after the departure from Egypt.

2. A festival of the Roman Catholic and other churches in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles; which occurred on the day of Pentecost; — called also Whitsunday. Shak.

(Pen`te*cos"tal) a. Of or pertaining to Pentecost or to Whitsuntide.

(Pen`te*cos"tals) n. pl. Offerings formerly made to the parish priest, or to the mother church, at Pentecost. Shipley.

(Pen`te*cos"ter) n. [NL., fr. Gr. fr. fifty.] (Gr. Antiq.) An officer in the Spartan army commanding fifty men. Mitford.

(Pen`te*cos"ty) n.; pl. Pentecosties [Gr. fr. the fiftieth, fifty.] (Gr. Antiq.) A troop of fifty soldiers in the Spartan army; — called also pentecostys. Jowett

(Pen*tel"ic Pen*tel"i*can) a. Of or pertaining to Mount Pentelicus, near Athens, famous for its fine white marble quarries; obtained from Mount Pentelicus; as, the Pentelic marble of which the Parthenon is built.

(Pen"tene) n. [See Penta-.] (Chem.) Same as Amylene.

(Pent"house`) n. [A corruption of pentice.] A shed or roof sloping from the main wall or building, as over a door or window; a lean-to. Also figuratively. "The penthouse of his eyes." Sir W. Scott.

(Pent"house`), a. Leaning; overhanging. "Penthouse lid." Shak. "My penthouse eyebrows." Dryden.

(Pen"tice) n. [F. appentis a penthouse. See Append.] A penthouse. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.

(Pen"tile`) n. See Pantile.

Previous chapter Back Home Email this Search Discuss Bookmark Next chapter/page
Copyright: All texts on Bibliomania are © Ltd, and may not be reproduced in any form without our written permission. See our FAQ for more details.