(Ox"head`) n. [Cf. Hogshead.] Literally, the head of an ox (emblem of cuckoldom); hence, a
dolt; a blockhead.
Dost make a mummer of me, oxhead?Marston.
(Ox"heal`) n. (Bot.) Same as Bear's-foot.
(Ox"heart`) n. A large heart- shaped cherry, either black, red, or white.
1. The skin of an ox, or leather made from it.
2. (O. Eng. Law) A measure of land. See 3d Hide.
(Ox"id) n. (Chem.) See Oxide.
(Ox`i*da*bil"i*ty) n. [Cf. F. oxydabilité.] Capability of being converted into an oxide.
(Ox"i*da*ble) a. [Cf. F. oxydable.] Capable of being converted into an oxide.
(Ox"i*date) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Oxidated ; p. pr. & vb. n. Oxidating.] [Cf. f. oxyder. See
Oxide.] (Chem.) To oxidize. [Obs.]
(Ox`i*da"tion) n. [Cf. F. oxidation.] (Chem.) The act or process of oxidizing, or the state or
result of being oxidized.
1. An oxidizer. [Obs.]
2. A contrivance for causing a current of air to impinge on the flame of the Argand lamp; called also
(Ox"ide) n. [F. oxygène oxygen + acide acid: cf. F. oxyde. The French word was correctly spelt
oxide, till about the year 1840, when, in ignorance or forgetfulness of the true history and composition
of the word, the orthography was change to make it represent the &upsilon of Gr. 'oxy`s, from which it
was supposed to be directly derived.] (Chem.) A binary compound of oxygen with an atom or radical,
or a compound which is regarded as binary; as, iron oxide, ethyl oxide, nitrogen oxide, etc.
In the chemical nomenclature adopted by Guyton de Morveau, Lavoisier,and their associates, the term
oxides was made to include all compounds of oxygen which had no acid (F. acide) properties, as contrasted
with the acids, all of which were at that time supposed to contain oxygen. The orthography oxyde, oxyd,
etc., was afterwards introduced in ignorance or disregard of the true etymology, but these forms are now
obsolete in English. The spelling oxid is not common.
(Ox"i*di`za*ble) a. Capable of being oxidized.
(Ox"i*dize) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Oxidized ; p. pr. & vb. n. Oxidizing.] (Chem.) To combine
with oxygen, or subject to the action of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent. Specifically: (a) To combine
with oxygen or with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous acid so as to form nitric acid.
(b) To remove hydrogen from as by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as to form aldehyde.
(c) To subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -
ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride.