Nitromethane to Nocturn
(Ni`tro*meth"ane) n. [Nitro- + methane.] (Chem.) A nitro derivative of methane obtained
as a mobile liquid; called also nitrocarbol.
(Ni`tro*mu`ri*at"ic) a. [Cf. F. nitromuriatique. See Nitro-, and Muriatic.] (Chem.) Of,
pertaining to, or composed of, nitric acid and muriatic acid; nitrohydrochloric. See Nitrohydrochloric.
(Ni`tro*ph"nol) n. [Nitro- + phenol.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of nitro derivatives of
phenol. They are yellow oily or crystalline substances and have well-defined acid properties, as picric
(Ni`tro*prus"sic) a. [Nitro- + prussic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating,
a complex acid called nitroprussic acid, obtained indirectly by the action of nitric acid on potassium
ferrocyanide as a red crystalline unstable substance. It forms salts called nitroprussides, which give a
rich purple color with alkaline sulphides.
(Ni`tro*prus"side) n. See Nitroprussic.
(Ni`tro*qui"nol) n. [Nitro- + quine + -ol.] (Chem.) A hypothetical nitro derivative of quinol
or hydroquinone, not known in the free state, but forming a well defined series of derivatives.
(Ni`tro*sac"cha*rin) n. [Nitro- + saccharin.] (Chem.) An explosive nitro derivative of
certain sugars, analogous to nitroglycerin, gun cotton, etc.
(Ni`tro*sal`i*cyl"ic) a. [Nitro- + salicylic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a
nitro derivative of salicylic acid, called also anilic acid.
(Ni*trose") a. (Chem.) See Nitrous.
(Ni*tro"so-) (Chem.) A prefix (also used adjectively) designating the group or radical NO, called
the nitroso group, or its compounds.
(Ni*tro"syl) n. [Nitroso- + -yl.] (Chem.) the radical NO, called also the nitroso group. The
term is sometimes loosely used to designate certain nitro compounds; as, nitrosyl sulphuric acid. Used
(Ni`tro*syl"ic) a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, nitrosyl; as, nitrosylic acid.
(Ni"trous) a. [L. nitrosus full of natron: cf. F. nitreux. See Niter.]
1. Of, pertaining to, or containing, niter; of the quality of niter, or resembling it.
2. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, any one of those compounds in which nitrogen has a
relatively lower valence as contrasted with nitric compounds.
Nitrous acid (Chem.), a hypothetical acid of nitrogen HNO2, not known in the free state, but forming a
well known series of salts, viz., the nitrites. Nitrous oxide. See Laughing gas.
(Ni*trox"yl) n. [Nitro- + oxygen + -yl.] (Chem.) The group NO2, usually called the nitro group.
||Nitrum flammans [L., flaming niter] (Old Chem.), ammonium nitrate; probably so called because it
deflagerates when suddenly heated.
(||Ni"trum) n. [L., natron. See Niter.] (Old Chem.) Niter.
(Ni"try) a. (Chem.) Nitrous. [Obs.]
(Ni"tryl) n. [Nitro- + - yl.] (Chem.) A name sometimes given to the nitro group or radical.