1. (Zoöl.) Any rodent of the genus Arctomys. The common European marmot (A. marmotta) is about
the size of a rabbit, and inhabits the higher regions of the Alps and Pyrenees. The bobac is another
European species. The common American species (A. monax) is the woodchuck.
2. Any one of several species of ground squirrels or gophers of the genus Spermophilus; also, the prairie
Marmot squirrel (Zoöl.), a ground squirrel or spermophile. Prairie marmot. See Prairie dog.
(Mar"mottes oil`) A fine oil obtained from the kernel of Prunus brigantiaca. It is used
instead of olive or almond oil. De Colange.
(Mar"mo*zet`) n. See Marmoset.
(Ma*rone") n. See Maroon, the color.
(Mar"o*nite) n.; pl. Maronites (Eccl. Hist.) One of a body of nominal Christians, who speak
the Arabic language, and reside on Mount Lebanon and in different parts of Syria. They take their name
from one Maron of the 6th century.
(Ma*roon") n. [Written also marroon.] [F. marron, abbrev. fr. Sp. cimarron wild, unruly, from
cima the summit of a mountain; hence, negro cimarron a runaway negro that lives in the mountains.] In
the West Indies and Guiana, a fugitive slave, or a free negro, living in the mountains.
Marooning party, a social excursion party that sojourns several days on the shore or in some retired
place; a prolonged picnic. [Southern U. S.] Bartlett.
(Ma*roon"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Marooned ; p. pr. & vb. n. Marooning.] [See Maroon a
fugitive slave.] To put (a person) ashore on a desolate island or coast and leave him to his fate.
Maroon lake, lake prepared from madder, and distinguished for its transparency and the depth and
durability of its color.
(Ma*roon") a. [F. marron chestnut-colored, fr. marron a large French chestnut, It. marrone; cf.
LGr. ma`raon. Cf. Marron.] Having the color called maroon. See 4th Maroon.
1. A brownish or dull red of any description, esp. of a scarlet cast rather than approaching crimson or
2. An explosive shell. See Marron, 3.
(Mar"plot`) n. One who, by his officious interference, mars or frustrates a design or plot.
Letters of marque, Letters of marque and reprisal, a license or extraordinary commission granted
by a government to a private person to fit out a privateer or armed ship to cruise at sea and make prize
of the enemy's ships and merchandise. The ship so commissioned is sometimes called a letter of marque.
(Marque) n. [F. marque, in lettre de marque letter of marque, a commission with which the
commandant of every armed vessel was obliged to be provided, under penalty of being considered a
pirate or corsair; marque here prob. meaning, border, boundary (the letter of marque being a permission
to go beyond the border), and of German origin. See March border.] (Law) A license to pass the limits
of a jurisdiction, or boundary of a country, for the purpose of making reprisals.
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