(||Hy`per*æs*the"si*a) n. [NL., fr. Gr. "ype`r over + sense, perception.] (Med. & Physiol.)
A state of exalted or morbidly increased sensibility of the body, or of a part of it. Hy`per*æs*thet"ic a.
(||Hy`per*a*poph"y*sis) n.; pl. Hyperapophyses [NL. See Hyper- , and Apophysis.]
(Anat.) A lateral and backward-projecting process on the dorsal side of a vertebra. - - Hy`per*ap`o*phys"i*al
(Hy`per*as"pist) n. [Gr. fr. to cover with a shield; "ype`r over + shield.] One who holds a
shield over another; hence, a defender. [Obs.] Chillingworth.
(Hy`per*bat"ic) a. Of or pertaining to an hyperbaton; transposed; inverted.
(||Hy*per"ba*ton) n. [L., fr. Gr. fr. transposed, fr. to step over; "ype`r over + to step.] (Gram.)
A figurative construction, changing or inverting the natural order of words or clauses; as, "echoed the
hills" for "the hills echoed."
With a violent hyperbaton to transpose the text.Milton.
(Hy*per"bo*la) n. [Gr. prop., an overshooting, excess, i. e., of the angle which the cutting
plane makes with the base. See Hyperbole.] (Geom.) A curve formed by a section of a cone, when
the cutting plane makes a greater angle with the base than the side of the cone makes. It is a plane
curve such that the difference of the distances from any point of it to two fixed points, called foci, is
equal to a given distance. See Focus. If the cutting plane be produced so as to cut the opposite cone,
another curve will be formed, which is also an hyperbola. Both curves are regarded as branches of the
same hyperbola. See Illust. of Conic section, and Focus.
(Hy*per"bo*le) n. [L., fr. Gr prop., an overshooting, excess, fr. Gr. to throw over or beyond;
"ype`r over + to throw. See Hyper-, Parable, and cf. Hyperbola.] (Rhet.) A figure of speech in which
the expression is an evident exaggeration of the meaning intended to be conveyed, or by which things
are represented as much greater or less, better or worse, than they really are; a statement exaggerated
fancifully, through excitement, or for effect.
Our common forms of compliment are almost all of them extravagant hyperboles.Blair.
Somebody has said of the boldest figure in rhetoric, the hyperbole, that it lies without deceiving.Macaulay.
(Hy`per*bol"ic Hy`per*bol"ic*al) a. [L. hyperbolicus, Gr. : cf. F. hyperbolique.]