(Pep"to*nize) v. t. (Physiol.) To convert into peptone; to digest or dissolve by means of a
proteolytic ferment; as, peptonized food.
(Pep"to*noid) n. [Peptone + -oid.] (Physiol. Chem.) A substance related to peptone.
(||Pep`to*nu"ri*a) n. [NL. See Peptone, and Urine.] (Med.) The presence of peptone, or a
peptonelike body, in the urine.
(Pep`to*tox"ine) n. [Peptone + toxic + -ine.] (Physiol. Chem.) A toxic alkaloid found occasionally
associated with the peptones formed from fibrin by pepsinhydrochloric acid.
(Pe"quots) n. pl.; sing. Pequot (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians who formerly inhabited Eastern
Connecticut. [Written also Pequods.]
(Per-) [See Per.]
1. A prefix used to signify through, throughout, by, for, or as an intensive as perhaps, by hap or
chance; perennial, that lasts throughout the year; perforce, through or by force; perfoliate, perforate;
perspicuous, evident throughout or very evident; perplex, literally, to entangle very much.
2. (Chem.) Originally, denoting that the element to the name of which it is prefixed in the respective
compounds exercised its highest valence; now, only that the element has a higher valence than in other
similar compounds; thus, barium peroxide is the highest oxide of barium; while nitrogen and manganese
peroxides, so-called, are not the highest oxides of those elements.
Per annum, by the year; in each successive year; annually. Per cent, Per centum, by the hundred; in
the hundred; used esp. of proportions of ingredients, rate or amount of interest, and the like; commonly
used in the shortened form per cent. Per diem, by the day. [For other phrases from the Latin, see
Quotations, Phrases, etc., from Foreign Languages, in the Supplement.]
(Per) prep. [L. Cf. Far, For-, Pardon, and cf. Par, prep.] Through; by means of; through the
agency of; by; for; for each; as, per annum; per capita, by heads, or according to individuals; per curiam,
by the court; per se, by itself, of itself. Per is also sometimes used with English words.
(Per*act") v. t. [L. peractus, p. p. of peragere.] To go through with; to perform. [Obs.] Sylvester.
(Per`a*cute") a. [L. peracutus. See Per-, and Acute.] Very sharp; very violent; as, a peracute
fever. [R.] Harvey.
(Per`ad*ven"ture) adv. & conj. [OE. per aventure, F. par aventure. See Per, and Adventure.]
By chance; perhaps; it may be; if; supposing. "If peradventure he speak against me." Shak.
Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city.Gen. xviii. 24.
(Per`ad*ven"ture), n. Chance; hap; hence, doubt; question; as, proved beyond peradventure.
(Pe*ræ"o*pod) n. [Gr. on the opposite side + -pod.] (Zoöl.) One of the thoracic legs of a crustacean.
See Illust. of Crustacea.
(Per"a*grate) v. t. [L. peragratus, p. p. of peragrate.] To travel over or through. [Obs.]
(Per`agra"tion) n. [L. peragratio: cf. F. peragration.] The act or state of passing through
any space; as, the peragration of the moon in her monthly revolution. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.