(Grate), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grated; p. pr. &. vb. n. Grating.] To furnish with grates; to protect
with a grating or crossbars; as, to grate a window.
(Grate), v. t. [OF grater to scrape, scratch, F. gratter, LL. gratare, cratare; of German origin; cf.
OHG. chrazzon G. kratzen, D. krassen, Sw. Kratta, and perh. E. scratch.]
1. To rub roughly or harshly, as one body against another, causing a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth; to
produce (a harsh sound) by rubbing.
On their hinges grateMilton.
2. To reduce to small particles by rubbing with anything rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.
3. To fret; to irritate; to offend.
News, my good lord Rome . . . grates me.Shak.
(Grate), v. i.
1. To make a harsh sound by friction.
I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned,Shak.
Or a dry wheel grate on the exletree.
2. To produce the effect of rubbing with a hard rough material; to cause wearing, tearing, or bruising.
Hence; To produce exasperation, soreness, or grief; to offend by oppression or importunity.
This grated harder upon the hearts of men.South.
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(Grat"ed) a. [From 2d Grate.] Furnished with a grate or grating; as, grated windows.
(Grate"ful) a. [Grate, a. + full; cf. F. gré thanks, good will, fr. L. gratum, neut. of gratus agreeable,
grateful. See Grate, a.]
1. Having a due sense of benefits received; kindly disposed toward one from whom a favor has been
received; willing to acknowledge and repay, or give thanks for, benefits; as, a grateful heart.
A grateful mindMilton.
By owing, owes not, but still pays.
2. Affording pleasure; pleasing to the senses; gratifying; delicious; as, a grateful present; food grateful to
the palate; grateful sleep.
Now golden fruits on loaded branches shine,Pope.
And grateful clusters swell.
Syn. Thankful; pleasing; acceptable; gratifying; agreeable; welcome; delightful; delicious.
Grate"ful*ly, adv. Grate"ful*ness, n.
(Grat"er) a. [From Qrate, v.] One who, or that which, grates; especially, an instrument or utensil
with a rough, indented surface, for rubbing off small particles of any substance; as a grater for nutmegs.