Grate surface(Steam, Boiler) the area of the surface of the grate upon which the fuel lies in the furnace.

(Grate), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grated; p. pr. &. vb. n. Grating.] To furnish with grates; to protect with a grating or crossbars; as, to grate a window.

(Grate), v. t. [OF grater to scrape, scratch, F. gratter, LL. gratare, cratare; of German origin; cf. OHG. chrazzon G. kratzen, D. krassen, Sw. Kratta, and perh. E. scratch.]

1. To rub roughly or harshly, as one body against another, causing a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth; to produce (a harsh sound) by rubbing.

On their hinges grate
Harsh thunder.

2. To reduce to small particles by rubbing with anything rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.

3. To fret; to irritate; to offend.

News, my good lord Rome . . . grates me.

(Grate), v. i.

1. To make a harsh sound by friction.

I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned,
Or a dry wheel grate on the exletree.

2. To produce the effect of rubbing with a hard rough material; to cause wearing, tearing, or bruising. Hence; To produce exasperation, soreness, or grief; to offend by oppression or importunity.

This grated harder upon the hearts of men.

! p. 647 this page badly done — in need of careful proofing !>

(Grat"ed) a. [From 2d Grate.] Furnished with a grate or grating; as, grated windows.

(Grate"ful) a. [Grate, a. + full; cf. F. gré thanks, good will, fr. L. gratum, neut. of gratus agreeable, grateful. See Grate, a.]

1. Having a due sense of benefits received; kindly disposed toward one from whom a favor has been received; willing to acknowledge and repay, or give thanks for, benefits; as, a grateful heart.

A grateful mind
By owing, owes not, but still pays.

2. Affording pleasure; pleasing to the senses; gratifying; delicious; as, a grateful present; food grateful to the palate; grateful sleep.

Now golden fruits on loaded branches shine,
And grateful clusters swell.

Syn. — Thankful; pleasing; acceptable; gratifying; agreeable; welcome; delightful; delicious.

Grate"ful*ly, adv.Grate"ful*ness, n.

(Grat"er) a. [From Qrate, v.] One who, or that which, grates; especially, an instrument or utensil with a rough, indented surface, for rubbing off small particles of any substance; as a grater for nutmegs.

2. A frame or bed, or kind of basket, of iron bars, for holding fuel while burning.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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