Grassation to Gravel
(Gras*sa"tion) n. [L. grassatio, from grassari to go about.] A wandering about with evil
intentions; a rioting. [Obs. & R.] Feltham.
1. Green with grass.
2. Of the color of grass; clear and vivid green.
(Grass"-grown`) a. Overgrown with grass; as, a grass-grown road.
1. (Zoöl.) Any jumping, orthopterous insect, of the families Acrididæ and Locustidæ. The species and
genera are very numerous. The former family includes the Western grasshopper or locust noted for the
great extent of its ravages in the region beyond the Mississippi. In the Eastern United States the red-
legged (Caloptenus femurrubrum and C. atlanis) are closely related species, but their ravages are less
important. They are closely related to the migratory locusts of the Old World. See Locust.
The meadow or green grasshoppers belong to the Locustidæ. They have long antennæ, large ovipositors,
and stridulating organs at the base of the wings in the male. The European great green grasshopper
(Locusta viridissima) belongs to this family. The common American green species mostly belong to
Xiphidium, Orchelimum, and Conocephalus.
2. In ordinary square or upright pianos of London make, the escapement lever or jack, so made that it
can be taken out and replaced with the key; called also the hopper. Grove.
Grasshopper engine, a steam engine having a working beam with its fulcrum at one end, the steam
cylinder at the other end, and the connecting rod at an intermediate point. Grasshopper lobster
(Zoöl.) a young lobster. [Local, U. S.] Grasshopper warbler (Zoöl.), cricket bird.
(Grass"i*ness) n. [From Grassy.] The state of abounding with grass; a grassy state.
(Grass"less), a. Destitute of grass.
(Grass"plot`) n. A plot or space covered with grass; a lawn. "Here on this grassplot." Shak.
(Grass" tree") (Bot.) (a) An Australian plant of the genus Xanthorrha, having a thick trunk
crowned with a dense tuft of pendulous, grasslike leaves, from the center of which arises a long stem,
bearing at its summit a dense flower spike looking somewhat like a large cat-tail. These plants are often
called "blackboys" from the large trunks denuded and blackened by fire. They yield two kinds of fragrant
resin, called Botany-bay gum, and Gum Acaroides. (b) A similar Australian plant
1. Covered with grass; abounding with grass; as, a grassy lawn. Spenser.
2. Resembling grass; green.
(Grate) a. [L. gratus agreeable, grateful: cf. It. & Sp. grato. See Grace, and cf. Agree.] Serving
to gratify; agreeable. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.
(Grate), n. [LL. grata, fr. L. crates hurdle; or It. grata, of the same origin. Sae Crate, Hurdle.]
1. A structure or frame containing parallel or crosed bars, with interstices; a kind of latticework, such as
is used ia the windows of prisons and cloisters. "A secret grate of iron bars." Shak.