Golden age. (a) The fabulous age of primeval simplicity and purity of manners in rural employments, followed by the silver, bronze, and iron ages. Dryden. (b) (Roman Literature) The best part (B. C. 81 — A. D. 14) of the classical period of Latinity; the time when Cicero, Cæsar, Virgil, etc., wrote. Hence: (c) That period in the history of a literature, etc., when it flourishes in its greatest purity or attains its greatest glory; as, the Elizabethan age has been considered the golden age of English literature. Golden balls, three gilt balls used as a sign of a pawnbroker's office or shop; — originally taken from the coat of arms of Lombardy, the first money lenders in London having been Lombards.Golden bull. See under Bull, an edict.Golden chain(Bot.), the shrub Cytisus Laburnum, so named from its long clusters of yellow blossoms.Golden club(Bot.), an aquatic plant bearing a thick spike of minute yellow flowers.Golden cup(Bot.), the buttercup.Golden eagle(Zoöl.), a large and powerful eagle (Aquila Chrysaëtos) inhabiting Europe, Asia, and North America. It is so called from the brownish yellow tips of the feathers on the head and neck. A dark variety is called the royal eagle; the young in the second year is the ring-tailed eagle.Golden fleece. (a) (Mythol.) The fleece of gold fabled to have been taken from the ram that bore Phryxus through the air to Colchis, and in quest of which Jason undertook the Argonautic expedition. (b) (Her.) An order of knighthood instituted in 1429 by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy; - - called also Toison d'Or.Golden grease, a bribe; a fee. [Slang] — Golden hair(Bot.), a South African shrubby composite plant with golden yellow flowers, the Chrysocoma Coma- aurea.Golden Horde(Hist.), a tribe of Mongolian Tartars who overran and settled in Southern Russia early in the 18th century.Golden Legend, a hagiology (the "Aurea Legenda") written by James de Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa, in the 13th century, translated and printed by Caxton in 1483, and partially paraphrased by Longfellow in a poem thus entitled.Golden marcasite tin. [Obs.] — Golden mean, the way of wisdom and safety between extremes; sufficiency without excess; moderation.

Angels guard him in the golden mean.

Golden mole(Zoöl), one of several South African Insectivora of the family Chrysochloridæ, resembling moles in form and habits. The fur is tinted with green, purple, and gold.Golden number(Chronol.), a number showing the year of the lunar or Metonic cycle. It is reckoned from 1 to 19, and is so called from having formerly been written in the calendar in gold.Golden oriole. (Zoöl.) See Oriole. Golden pheasant. See under Pheasant.Golden pippin, a kind of apple, of a bright yellow color.Golden plover(Zoöl.), one of several species of plovers, of the genus Charadrius, esp. the European (C. apricarius, or pluvialis; — called also yellow, black-breasted, hill, &and whistling, plover. The common American species (C. dominicus) is also called frostbird, and bullhead.Golden robin.

(Gold"-beat`en) a. Gilded. [Obs.]

(Gold"-beat`ing) n. The art or process of reducing gold to extremely thin leaves, by beating with a hammer. Ure.

(Gold"-bound`) a. Encompassed with gold.

(Gold"crest`) n. (Zoöl.) The European golden-crested kinglet (Regulus cristatus, or R. regulus); — called also golden-crested wren, and golden wren. The name is also sometimes applied to the American golden-crested kinglet. See Kinglet.

(Gold"cup`) n. (Bot.) The cuckoobud.

(Gold"en) a. [OE. golden; cf. OE. gulden, AS. gylden, from gold. See Gold, and cf. Guilder.]

1. Made of gold; consisting of gold.

2. Having the color of gold; as, the golden grain.

3. Very precious; highly valuable; excellent; eminently auspicious; as, golden opinions.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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