(Goi"ter Goi"tre) n. [F. goître, L. guttur throat, cf. tumidum guttur goiter, gutturosus goitered.
See Guttural.] (Med.) An enlargement of the thyroid gland, on the anterior part of the neck; bronchocele.
It is frequently associated with cretinism, and is most common in mountainous regions, especially in
certain parts of Switzerland.
(Goi"tered, Goi"tred) a. Affected with goiter.
(Goi"trous) a. [F. goîtreux, L. gutturosus. See Goiter.] Pertaining to the goiter; affected with
the goiter; of the nature of goiter or bronchocele.
Let me not be understood as insinuating that the inhabitants in general are either goitrous or idiots.W.
(Gold Golde, Goolde) n. (Bot.) An old English name of some yellow flower, the marigold
according to Dr. Prior, but in Chaucer perhaps the turnsole.
(Gold) n. [AS. gold; akin to D. goud, OS. & G. gold, Icel. gull, Sw. & Dan. guld, Goth. gulþ,
Russ. & OSlav. zlato; prob. akin to E. yellow. &radic49, 234. See Yellow, and cf. Gild, v. t.]
1. (Chem.) A metallic element, constituting the most precious metal used as a common commercial
medium of exchange. It has a characteristic yellow color, is one of the heaviest substances known is
soft, and very malleable and ductile. It is quite unalterable by heat, moisture, and most corrosive agents,
and therefore well suited for its use in coin and jewelry. Symbol Au Atomic weight 196.7.
Native gold contains usually eight to ten per cent of silver, but often much more. As the amount of silver
increases, the color becomes whiter and the specific gravity lower. Gold is very widely disseminated,
as in the sands of many rivers, but in very small quantity. It usually occurs in quartz veins in slate and
metamorphic rocks, or in sand and alluvial soil, resulting from the disintegration of such rocks. It also