(Phar`yn*got"o*my) n. [Pharynx + Gr. to cut: cf. F. pharyngotomie.] (Surg.) (a) The operation of making an incision into the pharynx, to remove a tumor or anything that obstructs the passage. (b) Scarification or incision of the tonsils.

(Phar"ynx) n.; pl. pharynges [NL., fr. Gr. : cf. F. pharynx.] (Anat.) The part of the alimentary canal between the cavity of the mouth and the esophagus. It has one or two external openings through the nose in the higher vertebrates, and lateral branchial openings in fishes and some amphibias.

(Phas"co*lome) n. [Gr. pouch + mouse.] (Zoöl.) A marsupial of the genus Phascolomys; a wombat.

(Phase) n.; pl. Phases [NL. phasis, Gr. fr. to make to appear: cf. F. phase. See Phenomenon, Phantom, and Emphasis.]

1. That which is exhibited to the eye; the appearance which anything manifests, especially any one among different and varying appearances of the same object.

2. Any appearance or aspect of an object of mental apprehension or view; as, the problem has many phases.

3. (Astron.) A particular appearance or state in a regularly recurring cycle of changes with respect to quantity of illumination or form of enlightened disk; as, the phases of the moon or planets. See Illust. under Moon.

4. (Physics) Any one point or portion in a recurring series of changes, as in the changes of motion of one of the particles constituting a wave or vibration; one portion of a series of such changes, in distinction from a contrasted portion, as the portion on one side of a position of equilibrium, in contrast with that on the opposite side.

(Pha"sel) n. [L. phaselus, phaseolus, Gr. : cf. F. phaséole, faséole. Cf. Fesels.] The French bean, or kidney bean.

(Phase"less) a. Without a phase, or visible form. [R.] "A phaseless and increasing gloom." Poe.

(||Pha*se"o*lus) n. [L.] (Bot.) A genus of leguminous plants, including the Lima bean, the kidney bean, the scarlet runner, etc. See Bean.

(Pha`se*o*man"nite) n. [So called because found in the unripe fruit of the bean (Phaseolus vulgaris).] (Chem.) Same as Inosite.

(||Pha"sis) n.; pl. Phases [NL.] See Phase. Creech.

(Phasm Phas"ma) n. [L. phasma, Gr. . See Phase.] An apparition; a phantom; an appearance. [R.] Hammond. Sir T. Herbert.

(Phas"mid) n. [See Phasm. Probably so called from its mimicking, or appearing like, inanimate objects.] (Zoöl.) Any orthopterous insect of the family Phasmidæ, as a leaf insect or a stick insect.

(Phas"sa*chate) n. [Gr. the wood pigeon + the agate.] (Min.) The lead-colored agate; — so called in reference to its color.

(Phat"a*gin) n. [Cf. Gr. perhaps from native name.] (Zoöl.) The long-tailed pangolin (Manis tetradactyla); — called also ipi.

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