Glyceride to Gnome
(Glyc"er*ide) n. [See Glycerin.] (Chem.) A compound ether (formed from glycerin). Some
glycerides exist ready formed as natural fats, others are produced artificially.
(Glyc"er*in, Glyc"er*ine) n. [F. glycérine, fr. Gr. glykero`s, glyky`s, sweet. Cf. Glucose,
Licorice.] (Chem.) An oily, viscous liquid, C3H5(OH)3, colorless and odorless, and with a hot, sweetish
taste, existing in the natural fats and oils as the base, combined with various acids, as oleic, margaric,
stearic, and palmitic. It is a triatomic alcohol, and hence is also called glycerol. See Note under Gelatin.
It is obtained from fats by saponification, or, on a large scale, by the action of superheated steam. It is
used as an ointment, as a solvent and vehicle for medicines, and as an adulterant in wine, beer, etc.
(Glyc"er*ite) n. (Med.) A medicinal preparation made by mixing or dissolving a substance in
(Glyc"er*ol) n. (Chem.) Same as Glycerin.
(Glyc"er*ole) n. [F. glycérolé.] (Med.) Same as Glycerite.
(Glyc"er*yl) n. [Glycerin + -yl.] (Chem.) A compound radical, C3H5, regarded as the essential
radical of glycerin. It is metameric with allyl. Called also propenyl.
(Glyc"ide) n. [Glyceric + anhydride.] (Chem.) A colorless liquid, obtained from certain derivatives
of glycerin, and regarded as a partially dehydrated glycerin; called also glycidic alcohol.
(Gly*cid"ic) a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, glycide; as, glycidic acid.
(Gly"cin) n. [Gr. glyky`s sweet.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same as Glycocoll.
(Gly`co*cho"late) n. [Glycocoll + cholic.] (Physiol. Chem.) A salt of glycocholic acid; as,
Glycocholic acid (Physiol. Chem.), a conjugate acid, composed of glycocoll and cholic acid, present
in bile in the form of a sodium salt. The acid commonly forms a resinous mass, but can be crystallized
in long, white needles.
(Gly`co*chol"ic) a. (Physiol. Chem.) Pertaining to, or composed of, glycocoll and cholic
(Gly"co*cin) n. [Glycocoll + -in.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same as Glycocoll.
(Gly"co*coll) n. [Gr. glyky`s sweet + ko`lla glue.] (Physiol. Chem.) A crystalline, nitrogenous
substance, with a sweet taste, formed from hippuric acid by boiling with hydrochloric acid, and present
in bile united with cholic acid. It is also formed from gelatin by decomposition with acids. Chemically, it
is amido-acetic acid. Called also glycin, and glycocin.
(Gly"co*gen) n. [Gr. sweet + -gen: cf. F. glycogène.] (Physiol. Chem.) A white, amorphous,
tasteless substance resembling starch, soluble in water to an opalescent fluid. It is found abundantly in
the liver of most animals, and in small quantity in other organs and tissues, particularly in the embryo.
It is quickly changed into sugar when boiled with dilute sulphuric or hydrochloric acid, and also by the
action of amylolytic ferments.
(Gly`co*gen"ic) a. Pertaining to, or caused by, glycogen; as, the glycogenic function of the
(Gly*cog"e*ny Gly`co*gen"e*sis) n. (Physiol.) The production or formation of sugar from
gycogen, as in the liver.