Geitonogamy to Gendarme
(Gei"to*nog"a*my) n. [Gr. neighbor + marriage.] (Bot.) Fertilization of flowers by pollen
from other flowers on the same plant.
(Gel"a*ble) a. [L. gelare to congeal: cf. F. gelable. See Geal.] Capable of being congealed; capable
of being converted into jelly.
(||Gel"a*da) n. (Zoöl.) A baboon (Gelada Ruppelli) of Abyssinia, remarkable for the length of the
hair on the neck and shoulders of the adult male.
(Ge*las"tic) a. [Gr. inclined to laugh, from to laugh.] Pertaining to laughter; used in laughing.
"Gelastic muscles." Sir T. Browne.
(Ge*lat"i*fi*ca"tion) n. [Gelatin + L. -ficare. (in comp.) to make. See - fy.] (Physiol. Chem.)
The formation of gelatin.
(Gel`a*tig"e*nous) n. [Gelatin + -genous.] (Physiol. Chem.) Producing, or yielding, gelatin; gelatiniferous; as,
the gelatigeneous tissues.
(Gel"a*tin, Gel"a*tine) n. [F. gélatine, fr. L. gelare to congeal. See Geal.] (Chem.) Animal
jelly; glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by prolonged boiling. Specifically (Physiol. Chem.),
a nitrogeneous colloid, not existing as such in the animal body, but formed by the hydrating action of
boiling water on the collagen of various kinds of connective tissue Its distinguishing character is that of
dissolving in hot water, and forming a jelly on cooling. It is an important ingredient of calf's- foot jelly,
isinglass, glue, etc. It is used as food, but its nutritious qualities are of a low order.
Both spellings, gelatin and gelatine, are in good use, but the tendency of writers on physiological chemistry
favors the form in -in, as in the United States Dispensatory, the United States Pharmacopia, Fownes' Watts' Chemistry,
Brande & Cox's Dictionary.
Blasting gelatin, an explosive, containing about ninety-five parts of nitroglycerin and five of collodion.
Gelatin process, a name applied to a number of processes in the arts, involving the use of gelatin.
Especially: (a) (Photog.) A dry-plate process in which gelatin is used as a substitute for collodion as
the sensitized material. This is the dry-plate process in general use, and plates of extreme sensitiveness
are produced by it. (b) (Print.) A method of producing photographic copies of drawings, engravings,
printed pages, etc., and also of photographic pictures, which can be printed from in a press with ink,
or (in some applications of the process) which can be used as the molds of stereotype or electrotype
plates. (c) (Print. or Copying) A method of producing facsimile copies of an original, written or drawn
in aniline ink upon paper, thence transferred to a cake of gelatin softened with glycerin, from which impressions
are taken upon ordinary paper. Vegetable gelatin. See Gliadin.
(Ge*lat"i*nate) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gelatinated ; p. pr. & vb. n. Gelatinating.] To convert
into gelatin, or into a substance resembling jelly.
(Ge*lat"i*nate), v. i. To be converted into gelatin, or into a substance like jelly.
Lapis lazuli, if calcined, does not effervesce, but gelatinates with the mineral acids.Kirwan.
(Ge*lat`i*na"tion) n. The act of process of converting into gelatin, or a substance like jelly.
(Gel"a*tine) n. Same as Gelatin.
(Gel`a*tin*if"er*ous) a. [Gelatin + -ferous.] (Physiol. Chem.) Yielding gelatin on boiling
with water; capable of gelatination.
(Gel`a*tin"i*form) a. Having the form of gelatin.