(Gal"le*ïn) n. [Pyrogallol + phthaleïn.] (Chem.) A red crystalline dyestuff, obtained by heating
together pyrogallic and phthalic acids.
(Gal"le*on) n. [Sp. galeon, cf. F. galion; fr. LL. galeo, galio. See Galley.] (Naut.) A sailing
vessel of the 15th and following centuries, often having three or four decks, and used for war or commerce.
The term is often rather indiscriminately applied to any large sailing vessel.
The galleons . . . were huge, round-stemmed, clumsy vessels, with bulwarks three or four feet thick,
and built up at stem and stern, like castles.Motley.
(Gal"le*ot) n. (Naut.) See Galiot.
(Gal"ler*y) n.; pl. Galleries [F. galerie, It. galleria, fr. LL. galeria gallery, perh. orig., a festal
hall, banquetting hall; cf. OF. galerie a rejoicing, fr. galer to rejoice. Cf. Gallant, a.]
1. A long and narrow corridor, or place for walking; a connecting passageway, as between one room and
another; also, a long hole or passage excavated by a boring or burrowing animal.
2. A room for the exhibition of works of art; as, a picture gallery; hence, also, a large or important collection
of paintings, sculptures, etc.
3. A long and narrow platform attached to one or more sides of public hall or the interior of a church,
and supported by brackets or columns; sometimes intended to be occupied by musicians or spectators,
sometimes designed merely to increase the capacity of the hall.
4. (Naut.) A frame, like a balcony, projecting from the stern or quarter of a ship, and hence called stern
gallery or quarter gallery, seldom found in vessels built since 1850.
5. (Fort.) Any communication which is covered overhead as well as at the sides. When prepared for
defense, it is a defensive gallery.
6. (Mining) A working drift or level.
Whispering gallery. See under Whispering.
(Gal"le*tyle) n. [OE. gallytile. Cf. Gallipot.] A little tile of glazed earthenware. [Obs.] "The
substance of galletyle." Bacon.
(Gal"ley) n.; pl. Galleys [OE. gale, galeie (cf. OF. galie, galée, LL. galea, LGr. of unknown
1. (Naut.) A vessel propelled by oars, whether having masts and sails or not; as: (a) A large vessel for
war and national purposes; common in the Middle Ages, and down to the 17th century. (b) A name
given by analogy to the Greek, Roman, and other ancient vessels propelled by oars. (c) A light, open
boat used on the Thames by customhouse officers, press gangs, and also for pleasure. (d) One of the
small boats carried by a man-of- war.
The typical galley of the Mediterranean was from one hundred to two hundred feet long, often having
twenty oars on each side. It had two or three masts rigged with lateen sails, carried guns at prow and
stern, and a complement of one thousand to twelve hundred men, and was very efficient in mediaeval
warfare. Galleons, galliots, galleasses, half galleys, and quarter galleys were all modifications of this
2. The cookroom or kitchen and cooking apparatus of a vessel; sometimes on merchant vessels called