2. (Jewish Hist.) One of the party among the Jews, who opposed the payment of tribute to the Romans;
called also Gaulonite.
3. A Christian in general; used as a term of reproach by Mohammedans and Pagans. Byron.
(Gal"i*lee) n. [Supposed to have been so termed in allusion to the scriptural "Galilee of the Gentiles." cf.
OF. galilée.] (Arch.) A porch or waiting room, usually at the west end of an abbey church, where the
monks collected on returning from processions, where bodies were laid previous to interment, and where
women were allowed to see the monks to whom they were related, or to hear divine service. Also, frequently
applied to the porch of a church, as at Ely and Durham cathedrals. Gwilt.
(Gal`i*ma"tias) n. [F.] Nonsense; gibberish; confused and unmeaning talk; confused mixture.
Her dress, like her talk, is a galimatias of several countries.Walpole.
(Gal"in*gale) n. [See Galangal.] (Bot.) A plant of the Sedge family (Cyperus longus) having
aromatic roots; also, any plant of the same genus. Chaucer.
Meadow, set with slender galingale.Tennyson.
(Gal"i*ot) n. [OE. galiote, F. galiote. See Galley.] (Naut.) (a) A small galley, formerly used
in the Mediterranean, built mainly for speed. It was moved both by sails and oars, having one mast,
and sixteen or twenty seats for rowers. (b) A strong, light-draft, Dutch merchant vessel, carrying a
mainmast and a mizzenmast, and a large gaff mainsail.
(Gal"i*pot) n. [F. galipot; cf. OF. garipot the wild pine or pitch tree.] An impure resin of turpentine,
hardened on the outside of pine trees by the spontaneous evaporation of its essential oil. When purified,
it is called yellow pitch, white pitch, or Burgundy pitch.
(Gall) n.[OE. galle, gal, AS. gealla; akin to D. gal, OS. & OHG. galla, Icel. gall, SW. galla, Dan.
galde, L. fel, Gr. and prob. to E. yellow. &radic49. See Yellow, and cf. Choler]
1. (Physiol.) The bitter, alkaline, viscid fluid found in the gall bladder, beneath the liver. It consists of
the secretion of the liver, or bile, mixed with that of the mucous membrane of the gall bladder.
2. The gall bladder.
3. Anything extremely bitter; bitterness; rancor.
He hath . . . compassed me with gall and travail.Lam. iii. 5.
Comedy diverted without gall.Dryden.
4. Impudence; brazen assurance. [Slang]
Gall bladder (Anat.), the membranous sac, in which the bile, or gall, is stored up, as secreted by the
liver; the cholecystis. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus. Gall duct, a duct which conveys bile,
as the cystic duct, or the hepatic duct. Gall sickness, a remitting bilious fever in the Netherlands.
Dunglison. Gall of the earth (Bot.), an herbaceous composite plant with variously lobed and cleft
leaves, usually the Prenanthes serpentaria.
(Gall) n. [F. galle, noix de galle, fr. L. galla.] (Zoöl.) An excrescence of any form produced on
any part of a plant by insects or their larvae. They are most commonly caused by small Hymenoptera
and Diptera which puncture the bark and lay their eggs in the wounds. The larvae live within the galls.
Some galls are due to aphids, mites, etc. See Gallnut.