and abbots, and sometimes also by canons. - - Pectorial fins, or Pectorials (Zoöl.), fins situated on
the sides, behind the gills. See Illust. under Fin. Pectorial rail. (Zoöl.) See Land rail (b) under
Land. Pectorial sandpiper (Zoöl.), the jacksnipe (b).
(Pec"to*ral) n. [L. pectorale a breastplate, neut. of pectorials.]
1. A covering or protecting for the breast.
2. (Eccl.) (a) A breastplate, esp. that worn by the Jewish high person. (b) A clasp or a cross worn
on the breast.
3. A medicine for diseases of the chest organs, especially the lungs.
(Pec"to*ral*ly) adv. As connected with the breast.
(Pec`to*ri*lo"qui*al) a. [Cf. F. pectoriloque.] Pertaining to, or of the nature of, pectoriloquy.
(Pec`to*ril"o*quism) n. Pectoriloquy.
(Pec`to*ril"o*quous) a. Pectoriloquial.
(Pec`to*ril"o*quy) n. [L. pectus, -oris, the breast + loqui to speak: cf. F. pectoriloquie.]
(Med.) The distinct articulation of the sounds of a patient's voice, heard on applying the ear to the chest
in auscultation. It usually indicates some morbid change in the lungs or pleural cavity.
(Pec"tose`) n. [Pectic + cellulose.] (Chem.) An amorphous carbohydrate found in the vegetable
kingdom, esp. in unripe fruits. It is associated with cellulose, and is converted into substances of the
(Pec*to"sic) a. (Chem.)Of, pertaining to, resembling, or derived from, pectose; specifically,
designating an acid supposed to constitute largely ordinary pectin or vegetable jelly.
(||Pec*tos"tra*ca) n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. fixed + shell of a testacean.] (Zoöl.) A degenerate
order of Crustacea, including the Rhizocephala and Cirripedia.
(Pec"tous) a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or consisting of, pectose.
(||Pec"tus) n.; pl. Pectora [L., the breast.] (Zoöl.) The breast of a bird.
(Pec"ul) n. See Picul.
(Pec"u*late) v. i. [imp. & p. p. Peculated ; p. pr. & vb. n. Peculating.] [L. peculatus, p.
p. of peculari to peculate, akin to peculium private property. See Peculiar.] To appropriate to one's
own use the property of the public; to steal public moneys intrusted to one's care; to embezzle.
An oppressive, . . . rapacious, and peculating despotism.Burke.
(Pec`u*la"tion) n. The act or practice of peculating, or of defrauding the public by appropriating
to one's own use the money or goods intrusted to one's care for management or disbursement; embezzlement.
Every British subject . . . active in the discovery of peculations has been ruined.Burke.
(Pec"u*la`tor) n. [L.] One who peculates. "Peculators of the public gold." Cowper.
(Pe*cul"iar) a. [L. peculiaris, fr. peculium private property, akin to pecunia money: cf. OF.
peculier. See Pecuniary.]