Chalkcutter to Champerty
(Chalk"cut`ter) n. A man who digs chalk.
(Chalk"i*ness) n. The state of being chalky.
1. A mass of chalk.
As chalkstones . . . beaten in sunder.
Isa. xxvii. 9.
2. (Med.) A chalklike concretion, consisting mainly of urate of sodium, found in and about the small
joints, in the external ear, and in other situations, in those affected with gout; a tophus.
(Chalk"y) a. Consisting of, or resembling, chalk; containing chalk; as, a chalky cliff; a chalky
(Chal"lenge) n. [OE. chalenge claim, accusation, challenge, OF. chalenge, chalonge, claim,
accusation, contest, fr. L. calumnia false accusation, chicanery. See Calumny.]
1. An invitation to engage in a contest or controversy of any kind; a defiance; specifically, a summons to
fight a duel; also, the letter or message conveying the summons.
A challenge to controversy.
2. The act of a sentry in halting any one who appears at his post, and demanding the countersign.
3. A claim or demand. [Obs.]
There must be no challenge of superiority.
4. (Hunting) The opening and crying of hounds at first finding the scent of their game.
5. (Law) An exception to a juror or to a member of a court martial, coupled with a demand that he
should be held incompetent to act; the claim of a party that a certain person or persons shall not sit in
trial upon him or his cause. Blackstone
6. An exception to a person as not legally qualified to vote. The challenge must be made when the
ballot is offered. [U. S.]
Challenge to the array (Law), an exception to the whole panel. Challenge to the favor, the
alleging a special cause, the sufficiency of which is to be left to those whose duty and office it is to decide
upon it. Challenge to the polls, an exception taken to any one or more of the individual jurors
returned. Peremptory challenge, a privilege sometimes allowed to defendants, of challenging a
certain number of jurors (fixed by statute in different States) without assigning any cause. Principal
challenge, that which the law allows to be sufficient if found to be true.
(Chal"lenge), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Challenged ; p. pr. & vb. n. Challenging.] [OE. chalengen
to accuse, claim, OF. chalengier, chalongier, to claim, accuse, dispute, fr. L. calumniar to attack with
false accusations. See Challenge, n., and cf. Calumniate.]
1. To call to a contest of any kind; to call to answer; to defy.
I challenge any man to make any pretense to power by right of fatherhood.
2. To call, invite, or summon to answer for an offense by personal combat.
By this I challenge him to single fight.