1. The state of being absolute; the system or doctrine of the absolute; the principles or practice of absolute
or arbitrary government; despotism.
The element of absolutism and prelacy was controlling.
2. (Theol.) Doctrine of absolute decrees. Ash.
1. One who is in favor of an absolute or autocratic government.
2. (Metaph.) One who believes that it is possible to realize a cognition or concept of the absolute.
Sir. W. Hamilton.
(Ab"so*lu`tist), a. Of or pertaining to absolutism; arbitrary; despotic; as, absolutist principles.
(Ab`so*lu*tis"tic) a. Pertaining to absolutism; absolutist.
(Ab*sol"u*to*ry) a. [L. absolutorius, fr. absolvere to absolve.] Serving to absolve; absolving.
"An absolutory sentence." Ayliffe.
(Ab*solv"a*ble) a. That may be absolved.
(Ab*solv"a*to*ry) a. Conferring absolution; absolutory.
(Ab*solve") v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absolved ; p. pr. & vb. n. Absolving.] [L. absolvere to set
free, to absolve; ab + solvere to loose. See Assoil, Solve.]
1. To set free, or release, as from some obligation, debt, or responsibility, or from the consequences of
guilt or such ties as it would be sin or guilt to violate; to pronounce free; as, to absolve a subject from his
allegiance; to absolve an offender, which amounts to an acquittal and remission of his punishment.
Halifax was absolved by a majority of fourteen.
2. To free from a penalty; to pardon; to remit (a sin); said of the sin or guilt.
In his name I absolve your perjury.
3. To finish; to accomplish. [Obs.]
The work begun, how soon absolved.
4. To resolve or explain. [Obs.] "We shall not absolve the doubt." Sir T. Browne.
Syn. To Absolve, Exonerate, Acquit. We speak of a man as absolved from something that binds
his conscience, or involves the charge of wrongdoing; as, to absolve from allegiance or from the obligation
of an oath, or a promise. We speak of a person as exonerated, when he is released from some burden
which had rested upon him; as, to exonerate from suspicion, to exonerate from blame or odium. It implies
a purely moral acquittal. We speak of a person as acquitted, when a decision has been made in his
favor with reference to a specific charge, either by a jury or by disinterested persons; as, he was acquitted
of all participation in the crime.
(Ab*solv"ent) a. [L. absolvens, p. pr. of absolvere.] Absolving. [R.] Carlyle.
(Ab*solv"ent), n. An absolver. [R.] Hobbes.
(Ab*solv"er) n. One who absolves. Macaulay.