Vesta to Vincent de la Rosa
Vesta in Roman mythology, was the Home-goddess, called by the Greeks Hestia. She was custodian of the sacred fire brought by AEneas from Troy. This fire was lighted afresh annually on March day, and to let it go out would have been regarded as a national calamity.
Vestal Virgin A nun, a religieuse, properly a maiden dedicated to the service of the goddess Vesta. The duty of these virgins was to keep the fire of the temple always burning, both day and night. They were required to be of spotless chastity. (See Immuring. )
Veto (Monsieur and Madame). Louis XVI. and Marie Antoinette. So called by the Republicans, because
the Constituent Assembly allowed the king to have the power of putting his veto upon any decree submitted
to him (1791.)
Vetturino [Vettu-reeno ], in Italy, is one who for hire conveys persons about in a nettura or four-wheeled
carriage; the owner of a livery stable; a guide for travellers. The two latter are, of course, subsidiary meanings.
We were accosted in the steamer by a well-dressed man, who represented himself to be a vetturino- The Times (One of the Alpine Club)Vi'a Dolorosa The way our Lord went to the Hall of Judgment, from the Mount of Olives to Golgotha, about a mile in length.
Vial Vials of wrath. Vengeance, the execution of wrath on the wicked. The allusion is to the seven angels who pour out upon the earth their vials full of wrath. (Rev. xvi.)
Viaticum (Latin). The Eucharist administered to the dying. The word means money allowed for a journey, and the notion is that this sacrament will be the spirit's passport to Paradise.
Vicar Rector, one who receives both great and small tithes. Vicar receives only the small tithes. At
the Reformation many livings which belonged to monasteries passed into the hands of noblemen, who,
not being in holy orders, had to perform the sacred offices vicariously. The clergyman who officiated
for them was called their vicar or representative, and the law enjoined that the lord should allow him
to receive the use of the glebe and all tithes except those accruing from grain (such as corn, barley,
oats, rye, etc.), hay, and wood.
Vicar of Bray (The). Let who will be king, I will be vicar of Bray still. Brome says of Simon Alleyn that
he lived in the reigns of Henry VIII., Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth. In the first two reigns he was
Protestant, in Mary's reign he turned Papist, and in the next reign recanted- being resolved, whoever
was king, to die Vicar of Bray. (1540-1588.) Others say it is Pendleton.
Vicar of Wakefield (The). Dr. Primrose
Vice (1 syl.), in Old English moralities, was a buffoon who wore a cap with ass's ears.
Vice Versa (Latin). The reverse; the terms of the case being reversed.
Victor Emmanuel of Italy called King Honest-Man, for his honest concessions to the people of constitutional freedom promised by his father and by himself in less prosperous circumstances.
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