Saltarello to Samson
Saltarello le fils de la Folie et de Pulcinello. A supposititious Italian dancer, sent to amuse Bettina in
the court of the Grand Duke Laurent. Bettina was a servant on a farm, in love with the shepherd Pippo.
But when she was taken to court and made a countess, Pippo was forbidden to approach her. Bettina
languished, and to amuse her a troop of Italian dancers was sent for, of which Saltarello was the leader.
He soon made himself known to Bettina, and married her. Bettina was a mascotte (q.v.), but, as the
children of mascottes are mascottes also, the prince became reconciled with the promise that he should
be allowed to adopt her first child. (La Mascotte.)
Saltpetre (French, saltpetre), sel de pierre, parcequ'il forme des efflorescences salines sur les murs. (Bouillet: Dict. des Sciences.)
Salute (2 syl.). According to tradition, on the triumphant return of Maximilian to Germany, after his second
campaign, the town of Augsburg ordered 100 rounds of cannon to be discharged. The officer on service,
fearing to have fallen short of the number, caused an extra round to be added. The town of Nuremberg
ordered a like salute, and the custom became established.
Salve (1 syl.) is the Latin salvia (sage), one of the most efficient of mediæval remedies.
To other woundes, and to broken armes,Salve. To flatter, to wheedle. The allusion is to salving a wound.
Salve (2 syl.). Latin hail, welcome. The word is often woven on door-mats.
Sam Uncle Sam. The United States Government. Mr. Frost tells us that the inspectors of Elbert Anderson's
store on the Hudson were Ebenezer Wilson and his uncle Samuel Wilson, the latter of whom superintended
in person the workmen, and went by the name of Uncle Sam. The stores were marked E.A.- U.S. (Elbert
Anderson, United States). and one of the employers, being asked the meaning, said U.S. stood
for Uncle Sam. The joke took, and in the War of Independence the men carried it with them, and it
Sam Weller Servant of Mr. Pickwick, famous for his metaphors. He is meant to impersonate the wit, shrewdness, quaint humour, and best qualities of London low life. (Charles Dickens: Pickwick Papers.)
Samael The prince of demons, who, in the guise of a serpent, tempted Eve; also called the angel of death. (Jewish demonology.)
Samanides (3 syl.). A dynasty of ten kings in Western Persia (902-1004), founded by Ismail al Samani.
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