St. Simonism to Saliens
St. Simonism The social and political system of St. Simon. He proposed the institution of a European
parliament, to arbitrate in all matters affecting Europe, and the establishment of a social hierarchy based
on capacity and labour. He was led to his social system by the apparition of Charlemagne, which appeared
to him one night in the Luxembourg, where he was suffering a temporary imprisonment. (1760-1825.)
St. Stephen's The Houses of Parliament are so called, because, at one time, the Commons used to sit in St. Stephen's Chapel.
St. Stephen's Loaves Stones.
Having said this, he took up one of St. Stephen's loaves, and was going to hit him with it.- Rabelais Pantagruel, v. 8.
St. Thomas's Castle The penitentiary in St. Thomas's parish, Oxford, where women of frail morals are kept under surveillance.
St. Wilfrid's Needle often called St. Winifred's Needle. In the crypt of Ripon Minster is a passage regarded as a test of chastity.
Saivas (2 syl.). Worshippers of Siva, one of the three great Indian sects; they are at present divided
The cannon, blunderbuss, and saker,
Sakhrat [Sak-rah']. A sacred stone, one grain of which endows the possessor with miraculous powers. It is of an emerald colour; its reflection makes the sky blue. (Mahometan mythology.)
Sakta A worshipper of a Sakti, or female deity, in Hindu mythology. The Saktas are divided into two branches, the Dakshinacharins and the Vamacharins (the followers of the right-hand and left-hand ritual). The latter practise the grossest impurities. (Sanskrit, sakti, power, energy.)
Sa-kuntala Daughter of St. Viswamita, and Menakâ a water-nymph. Abandoned by her parents, she was brought up by a hermit. One day King Dushyanta came to the hermitage during a hunt, and persuaded Sakuntala to marry him, and in due time a son was born. When the boy was six years old, she took it to its father, and the king recognised his wife by a ring which he had given her. She was now publicly proclaimed his queen, and Bhârata, his son and heir, became the founder of the glorious race of the Bhâratas. This story forms the plot of the celebrated drama of Kâlidasa, called Sakuntala, made known to us by Sir W. Jones.
Sakya-Muni Sakya, the hermit, founder of Buddhism.
Sal Prunella A mixture of refined nitre and soda for sore throats. Prunella is a corruption of Brunelle, in French sel de brunelle, from the German breune (a sore throat), braune (the quinsy).
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