Rose Sunday to Rothschild
Rose Sunday The fourth Sunday in Lent, when the Pope blesses the Golden Rose. He dips it in balsam,
sprinkles it with holy water, and incenses it. Strange as it may seem, Pope Julius II., in 1510, and Leo
X. both sent the sacred rose to Henry VIII. In 1856 Isabella II. of Spain received the Rose; and both
Charlotte, Empress of Mexico, and Eugénie, Empress of France, were honoured by it likewise.
Will's continued to be the resort of the wits at least till 1710. Probably Addison established his servant [Button] in a new house about 1712.- Spence: Anecdotes, p. 263.This Button had been a servant of the Countess of Warwick, whom Addison married; and Button's became the head-quarters of the Whig literati, as Will's had been of the Tory.
Rose of Jericho Also called Rosa Mariae or Rose of the Virgin.
Rose of Raby (The). Cicely, the twelfth and youngest daughter of Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmoreland. (1415-1495.)
Roses The Wars of the Roses. A civil contest that lasted thirty years, in which eighty princes of the blood, a larger portion of the English nobility, and some 100,000 common soldiers were slain. It was a contest between the Lancastrians and Yorkists, whose supporters wore in their caps as badges a red or white rose, the Red rose (gules) being the cognisance of the House of Lancaster, and the White rose (argent) being the badge of the House of York. (1455-1485.)
Rosemary is Ros-marinus (seadew), and is said to be useful in love-making. The reason is this: Both
Venus, the love-goddess, and Rosemary or sea-dew, were offspring of the sea; and as Love is Beauty's
son, Rosemary is his nearest relative.
The sea his mother Venus came on;Rosemary, an emblem of remembrance. Thus Ophelia says, There's rosemary, that's for remembrance. According to ancient tradition, this herb strengthens the memory. As Hungary water, it was once very extensively taken to quiet the nerves. It was much used in weddings, and to wear rosemary in ancient times was as significant of a wedding as to wear a white favour. When the Nurse in Romeo and Juliet asks, Doth not rosemary and Romeo begin both with a [i.e. one] letter? she refers to these emblematical characteristics of the herb. In the language of flowers it means Fidelity in love.
Rosemary Lane (London), now called Royal Mint Street.
Rosewood So called because when cut it yields a perfume like that of roses.
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Time-serving courtiers, willing to betray anyone, and do any genteel dirty work to please a king. (Shakespeare: Hamlet.)
Rosetta (Africa). The orchards of Rosetta are filled with turtle-doves.
Now hangs listening to the doves
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