Rosalind to Rose
Rosalind Daughter of the banished duke, but brought up with Celia in the court of Frederick, the duke's
brother, and usurper of his dominions. When Rosalind fell in love with Orlando, Duke Frederick said she
must leave his house and join her father in the forest of Arden. Celia resolved to go with her, and the
two ladies started on their journey. For better security, they changed their names and assumed disguises; Celia
dressed herself as a peasant-girl, and took for the nonce the name of Aliena; Rosalind dressed as her
brother, and called herself Ganymede. They took up their quarters in a peasant's cottage, where they
soon encountered Orlando, and (to make a long tale short) Celia fell in love with Oliver, the brother of
Orlando, and Rosalind obtained her father's consent to marry Orlando. (Shakespeare: As You Like It.)
Rosalinde (3 syl.). The anagram of Rose Danil or Rose Daniel, with whom Spenser was in love, but the young lady married John Florio, lexicographer. In the Shepherds' Calendar Rose is called Rosalinde, and Spenser calls himself Colin Clout. Shakespeare introduces John Florio in Love's Labour's Lost, under the imperfect anagram Holofernes (`Hnes Floreo).
Rosaline (3 syl.). A negress of sparkling wit and great beauty, attending on the Princess of France, and loved by Lord Biron', a nobleman in the suite of Ferdinand, King of Navarre. (Shakespeare: Love's Labour's Lost.)
Rosamond (Fair). Higden, monk of Chester, says: She was the fayre daughter of Walter, Lord Clifford,
concubine of Henry II., and poisoned by Queen Elianor, A.D. 1177. Henry made for her a house of
wonderful working, so that no man or woman might come to her. This house was named Labyrinthus,
and was wrought like unto a knot in a garden called a maze. But the queen came to her by a clue of
thredde, and so dealt with her that she lived not long after. She was buried at Godstow, in an house of
nunnes, with these verses upon her tombe:-
Hic jacet in tumba Rosa mundi, non Rosa munda;Rosamond Clifford is introduced by Sir Walter Scott in two of his novels- The Talisman and Woodstock.
Jane Clifford was her name, as books aver
Rosana Daughter of the Queen of Armenia. She aided the three sons of St. George to quench the seven lamps of the Knight of the Black Castle. (The Seven Champions of Christendom, ii. 8-9.) (See Lamps .)
Rosary [the rose article]. A name given to the bead-roll employed by Roman Catholics for keeping count
of their repetitions of certain prayers. It consists of three parts, each of which contains five mystries
connected with Christ or His virgin mother. The entire roll consists of 150 Ave Marias, 15 Pater Nosters,
and 15 doxologies. The word is said by some to be derived from the chaplet of beads, perfumed with
roses, given by the Virgin to St. Dominic. (This cannot be correct, as it was in use A.D. 1100.) Others
say the first chaplet of the kind was made of rosewood; others, again, maintain that it takes its name
from the Mystical Rose, one of the titles of the Virgin. The set is sometimes called fifteens, from its
containing 15 doxologies, 15 Our Fathers, and 10 times 15 or 150 Hail Marys. (Latin, rosarium.)
Rosciad A satire published by Charles Churchill in 1761; it canvasses the faults and merits of the metropolitan actors.
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