Rosalind to Rose

Rosalind Daughter of the banished duke, but brought up with Celia in the court of Frederick, the duke's brother, and usurper of his dominions. When Rosalind fell in love with Orlando, Duke Frederick said she must leave his house and join her father in the forest of Arden. Celia resolved to go with her, and the two ladies started on their journey. For better security, they changed their names and assumed disguises; Celia dressed herself as a peasant-girl, and took for the nonce the name of Aliena; Rosalind dressed as her brother, and called herself Ganymede. They took up their quarters in a peasant's cottage, where they soon encountered Orlando, and (to make a long tale short) Celia fell in love with Oliver, the brother of Orlando, and Rosalind obtained her father's consent to marry Orlando. (Shakespeare: As You Like It.)
   Rosalind, in the Shepherds' Calendar, is the maiden vainly beloved by Colin Clout, as her choice was fixed on a shepherd named Menalcas. (See below.

Rosalinde (3 syl.). The anagram of “Rose Danil” or “Rose Daniel,” with whom Spenser was in love, but the young lady married John Florio, lexicographer. In the Shepherds' Calendar Rose is called “Rosalinde,” and Spenser calls himself “Colin Clout.” Shakespeare introduces John Florio in Love's Labour's Lost, under the imperfect anagram Holofernes (`Hnes Floreo).

Rosaline (3 syl.). A negress of sparkling wit and great beauty, attending on the Princess of France, and loved by Lord Biron', a nobleman in the suite of Ferdinand, King of Navarre. (Shakespeare: Love's Labour's Lost.)

Rosamond (Fair). Higden, monk of Chester, says: “She was the fayre daughter of Walter, Lord Clifford, concubine of Henry II., and poisoned by Queen Elianor, A.D. 1177. Henry made for her a house of wonderful working, so that no man or woman might come to her. This house was named Labyrinthus, and was wrought like unto a knot in a garden called a maze. But the queen came to her by a clue of thredde, and so dealt with her that she lived not long after. She was buried at Godstow, in an house of nunnes, with these verses upon her tombe:-

“Hic jacet in tumba Rosa mundi, non Rosa munda;
Non redolet, sed olet, quae redole'rë solet.”
Here Rose the graced, not Rose the chaste, reposes;
The smell that rises is no smell of roses. E. C. B.
    Rosamond Clifford is introduced by Sir Walter Scott in two of his novels- The Talisman and Woodstock.

“Jane Clifford was her name, as books aver
Fair Rosamond was but her nom de guerre."
Dryden: Epilogue to Henry II.

Rosana Daughter of the Queen of Armenia. She aided the three sons of St. George to quench the seven lamps of the Knight of the Black Castle. (The Seven Champions of Christendom, ii. 8-9.) (See Lamps .)

Rosary [the rose article]. A name given to the bead-roll employed by Roman Catholics for keeping count of their repetitions of certain prayers. It consists of three parts, each of which contains five mystries connected with Christ or His virgin mother. The entire roll consists of 150 Ave Marias, 15 Pater Nosters, and 15 doxologies. The word is said by some to be derived from the chaplet of beads, perfumed with roses, given by the Virgin to St. Dominic. (This cannot be correct, as it was in use A.D. 1100.) Others say the first chaplet of the kind was made of rosewood; others, again, maintain that it takes its name from the “Mystical Rose,” one of the titles of the Virgin. The set is sometimes called “fifteens,” from its containing 15 “doxologies,” 15 “Our Fathers,” and 10 times 15 or 150 “Hail Marys.” (Latin, rosarium.)
    The “Devotion of the Rosary” takes different forms:- (1) the Greater Rosary, or recitation of the whole fifteen mysteries; (2) the Lesser Rosary, or recitation of one of the mysteries; and (3) the Living Rosary, or the recitation of the fifteen mysteries by fifteen different persons in combination.
   In regard to the “rosewood,” this etymology is extremely doubtful. The beads are now made of berries, wood, stone, ivory, metal, etc., sometimes of considerable value.

Rosciad A satire published by Charles Churchill in 1761; it canvasses the faults and merits of the metropolitan actors.

  By PanEris using Melati.

Previous chapter Back Home Email this Search Discuss Bookmark Next chapter/page
Copyright: All texts on Bibliomania are © Ltd, and may not be reproduced in any form without our written permission.
See our FAQ for more details.