These horses are sometimes vicious private horses sold for "hacks" or worn-out coach-horses, and cheap
animals with broken wind, broken knees, or some other defect.
"The knights are well horsed and the common people and others on litell hakeneys hackneys and geldynges." - Froissart.
Hackum (Captain). A thick-headed bully of Alsatia, impudent but cowardly. He was once a sergeant in Flanders, but ran from his colours, and took refuge in Alsatia, where he was dubbed captain. (Shadwell: Squire of Alsatia.)
Haddock According to tradition, it was a haddock in whose mouth St. Peter found the stater (or piece
of money), and the two marks on the fish's neck are said to be the impressions of the apostle's finger
and thumb. It is a pity that the person who invented this pretty story forgot that salt-water haddocks
cannot live in the fresh water of the Lake Gennesaret. (See John Dory and Christian Traditions.)
"O superstitious dainty, Peter's fish,
Hades (2 syl.). The places of the departed spirit till the resurrection. It may be either Paradise or "Tartarus."
Hadith [a legend ]. The traditions about the prophet Mahomet's sayings and doings. This compilation forms a supplement to the Koran, as the Talmud to the Jewish Scriptures. Like the Jewish Gemara, the Hadith was not allowed originally to be committed to writing, but the danger of the traditions being perverted or forgotten led to their being placed on record.
Hadj The pilgrimage to Kaaba (temple of Mecca), which every Mahometan feels bound to make once at
least before death. Those who neglect to do so "might as well die Jews or Christians." These pilgrimages
are made by caravans well supplied with water, and escorted by 1,400 armed men for defence against
brigands. (Hebrew, hag, the festival of Jewish pilgrimages to Jerusalem.)
"The green turban of the Mussulman distinguishes the devout hadji who has been to Mecca." - Stephens: Egypt, vol. i. chap. xvii. p. 240.
Hadji A pilgrim, a Mahometan who has made the Hadj or pilgrimage to the Prophet's tomb at Mecca. Every Hadji is entitled to wear a green turban.
Hæmony Milton, in his Comus, says hæmony is of "sovereign use 'gainst all enchantments, mildew, blast,
or damp." Coleridge says the word is hæma-oinos (blood-wine), and refers to the blood of Jesus Christ,
which destroys all evil. The leaf, says Milton, "had prickles on it," but "it bore a bright golden flower." The
prickles are the crown of thorns, the flower the fruits of salvation.
Hæmos A range of mountains separating Thrace and Mæsia, called by the classic writers Cold Hæmos.
(Greek, cheimon, winter; Latin, hiems; Sanskrit, hima.)
"O'er high Pieria thence her course she bore,
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