the disgrace, employed figures of these women, instead of columns. (See page 72, col. 2, Atlantes, page 208, col. 2, Canephorae .)

Caryatic Order or Caryatidic Order. Architecture in which Caryatids are introduced to support the entablature.

Casabianca was the name of the captain of the French man-of-war, L'Orient. At the battle of Aboukir, having first secured the safety of his crew, he blew up his ship, to prevent it falling into the hands of the English. His little son, refusing to leave him, perished with his father. Mrs. Hemans has made a ballad, Casabianca, on this subject, modifying the incident. The French poets Lebrun and Chénier have also celebrated the occurrence.

Casca A blunt-witted Roman, one of the conspirators against Julius Caesar. (Shakespeare: Julius Caesar.)

Case (To). To skin an animal. In the Cookery by Mrs. Glasse is the direction, “Take your hare when it is cased, ... and make a pudding ...” The witticism, “First catch your hare,” may possibly have been suggested by this direction, but it is not in the Art of Cookery made Plain and Easy.

Case-hardened Impenetrable to all sense of honour or shame. The allusion is to iron toughened by carbonising the surface in contact with charcoal in a case or closed box. It is done by heat.

Cashier' (2 syl.). To dismiss an officer from the army, to discard from society. (French, casser, to break; Italian, cassa'rë, to blot out; Ger. kassiren.)

“The ruling rogue, who dreads to be cashiered,
Contrives, as he is hated, to be feared.”
Swift: Epistle to Mr. Gay, line 137.
Casino Originally, a little casa or room near a theatre, where persons might retire, after the play was over, for dancing or music.

Casket Homer Alexander the Great's edition, with Aristotle's corrections. After the battle of Arbela a golden casket, studded with jewels, was found in the tent of Darius. Alexander, being asked to what purpose it should be applied, made answer, “There is but one production in the world worthy of so costly a depository,” and placed therein his edition of Homer, which received from this circumstance the term of Casket Homer.

Caspar A huntsman who sold himself to Zamiel, the Black Huntsman. The night before the expiration of his lease of life he bargained for three years' respite on condition of bringing Max into the power of the evil one. Zamiel replied, “To-morrow either he or you.” On the day appointed for the trial-shot, Caspar places himself in a tree. Max is told by the prince to aim at a dove. The dove flies to the tree where Caspar is concealed. Max shoots at the dove, but kills Caspar, and Zamiel comes to carry off his victim. (Weber's Opera of Der Freischütz.)

Cassandra Daughter of Priam, gifted with the power of prophecy; but Apollo, whom she had offended, brought it to pass that no one believed her predictions. (Shakespeare: Troilus and Cressida.)

“Those who foresee and predict the downfall, meet with the fate of Cassandra.”- The Times.

Cassation The court of cassation, in France, is the court which can casser (or quash) the judgment of other courts.

Cassi Inhabitants of what is now Cassio hundred, Hertfordshire, referred to by Caesar in his Commentaries.

Cassibelan Great-uncle to Cymbeline. He granted Caesar a yearly tribute of £3,000. (Shakespeare: Cymbeline).

Cassio (in Shakespeare's Othello). Michael Cassio was a Florentine, and Othello's lieutenant. Iago made him drunk, and then set on Roderigo to quarrel with him. Cassio wounded Roderigo, and a brawl ensued, which offended Othello. Othello suspended Cassio, but Iago induced Desdemona to plead for his restoration. This interest in Cassio, being regarded by the Moor as a confirmation of Desdemona's

  By PanEris using Melati.

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