Ben Jochanan' to Benshie, Benshee
Ben Jochanan' in the satire of Absalom and Achitophel, by Dryden and Tate, is meant for the Rev.
Samuel Johnson, who suffered much persecution for his defence of the right of private judgment.
A Jew [Englishman ] of humble parentage was he;
Ben trovato (Italian). Well found; a happy discovery or invention.
Benaiah (3 syl.), in the satire of Absalom and Achitophel, by Dryden and Tate, is meant for George
Edward Sackville, called General Sackville, a gentleman of family, and a zealous partisan of the Duke of
York. Benaiah was captain in David's army, and was made by Solomon generalissimo. (1 Kings ii. 35.)
Nor can Benaiah's worth forgotten lie,
Benares (3 syl.). One of the most holy cities of the Hindus, reverenced by them as much as Mecca is by the Mohammedans.
Benbow (Admiral ), in an engagement with the French near St. Martha, on the Spanish coast, in 1701,
had his legs and thighs shivered into splinters by a chain-shot, but, supported in a wooden frame, he
remained on the quarter-deck till morning, when Du Casse bore away. Almeyda, the Portuguese governor
of India, in his engagement with the united fleet of Cambay'a and Egypt, had his legs and thighs shattered
in a similar manner; but, instead of retreating, had himself bound to the ship's mast, where he waved his
sword to cheer on the combatants, till he died from loss of blood. (See Cynægiros, Jaafer, etc.)
Whirled by the cannon's rage, in shivers torn,
Benbow A sot, generous, free, idle, and always hanging about the ale-house. He inherited a good estate,
spent it all, and ended life in the workhouse. The tale is in Crabbe's Borough.
Benbow, a boon companion, long approved
Bench The seat of a judge in the law courts; the office of judge.
Bench Bench of bishops. The whole body of English prelates, who sit together on a bench in the House
Bench and Bar Judges and pleaders. The bench is the seat on which a judge sits. The bar of a court was formerly a wooden barrier, to separate the counsel from the audience. Now, silk gowns (q.v. ) sit nearer the judge, and their juniors behind them. (See Barristers. )
Benchers Senior members of the Inns of Court; so called from the bench on which they used to sit.
They exercise the function of calling students to the bar, and have the right of expelling the obnoxious.
(See Bar, page 94, col. 1.)
He was made successively Barrister, Utter Barrister, Bencher, and Reader.- Wood.
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