Mary Ambree. The English Joan of Arc. Noted for her valour at the siege of Ghent and often referred to by authors.

Joan of Arc and English Mall (q.v).—S. Butler: Hudibras, pt. I. c. iii. line 366 (1664).

Mary Anne, a slang name for the guillotine; also called L’abbaye de monte-à-regret (“the mountain of mournful ascent”). (See Marianne, p. 674.)

Mary Anne, a generic name for a secret republican society in France. (See Marianne, p. 674.)—Disraeli: Lothair.

Mary Anne was the red-name for the republic years ago, and there always was a sort of myth that these secret societies had been founded by a woman.

The Mary-Anne associations, which are essentially republic, are scattered about all the provinces of France.—Lothair.

Mary Graham, an orphan adopted by old Martin Chuzzlewit. She eventually married Martin Chuzzlewit the grandson, and hero of the tale.

“The young girl,” said the old man, “is an orphan child, whom … I have bred and educated, or, if you prefer the word, adopted. For a year or two she has been my companion, and she is my only one. I have taken a solemn oath not to leave her a sixpence when I die; but while I live, I make her an annual allowance, not extravagant in its amount, and yet not stinted.”—Dickens: Martin Chuzzlewit, iii. (1843).

Mary Stuart, an historical tragedy by J. Haynes (1840). The subject is the death of David Rizzio.

(Schiller has taken Mary Stuart for the subject of a tragedy. P. Lebrun turned the German drama into a French play. Sir W. Scott, in The Abbot, has taken for his subject the flight of Mary to England.)

Mary Tudor. Victor Hugo has a tragedy so called (1833), and Tennyson, in 1878, published a play called Queen Mary, an epitome of her reign.

Mary and Byron. The “Mary” of lord Byron was Miss Chaworth. Both were under the guardianship of Mr. White. Miss Chaworth married John Musters, and lord Byron married Miss Milbanke; both equally unfortunate. Lord Byron, in The Dream, refers to his love affair with Mary Chaworth. (See p. 163.)

Mary and Calais. When Calais was rescued from the English by the due de Guise, in 1558, queen Mary was so down-hearted that she said, at death the word “Calais” would be found imprinted on her heart.

Montpensier said, if his body were opened at death the name of Philip (of Spain) would be found imprinted on his heart.—Motley: The Dutch Republic, pt. ii. 5.

Mary in Heaven, Highland Mary, and Mary Morison. The first of these refers to Mary Campbell, who died 1786, aged 37, ten years older than Burns. The other two refer to Mary Morison, who died young, and to whom Burns was attached before he left Ayrshire for Nithsdale. The two lines in Mary Morison

Those smiles and glances let me see,
That make the miser’s treasure poor;

resemble the two following in Highland Mary:—

Still o’er those scenes my mem’ry wakes,
And fondly broods with miser care.

Mary of Modena, the second wife of James II. of England, and mother of “The Pretender.”

  By PanEris using Melati.

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