Southey calls the word Lan-gæ-magog. (See Gogmagog.)

Goëmot or Goëmagot, a British giant, twelve cubits high, and of such prodigious strength that he could pull up a full-grown oak at one tug. Same as Gogmagog (q.v.).

On a certain day, when Brutus was holding a solemn festival to the gods,…this giant, with twenty more of his companions, came in upon the Britons, among whom he made a dreadful slaughter; but the Britons at last…killed them every one but Goëmagot…him Brutus preserved alive, out of a desire to see a combat between the giant and Corineus, who took delight in such encounters.…Corineus carried him to the top of a high rock, and tossed him into the sea.—Geoffrey: British History, i. 16 (1142).

Goervyl, sister of prince Madoc, and daughter of Owen late king of North Wales. She accompanied her brother to America, and formed one of the colony of Caer-madoc, south of the Missouri (twelfth century).—Southey: Madoc (1805).

Goethe, a German novelist, poet, etc. (1749–1832), published—

The Achilliad, about 1800.
Farbenlehre, 1810.
Hermann and Dorothea (a poem), 1797.
Metamorphosis of Plants (an essay), 1790
Werther (a romance), 1774.
Wilhelm Meister (a romance), pt. i. in 1794–96; pt. ii., 1821.

For dramatic works, see Faust, etc. Appendix II.

Goetz von Berlichingen, or Gottfried of the Iron Hand, a famous German burgrave, who lost his right hand at the siege of Landshut. The iron hand which replaced the one he had lost is still shown at Juxthausen, the place of his birth. Gottfried took a prominent part in the wars of independence against the electors of Brandenberg and Bavaria, in the sixteenth century (1480–1562). (See Silver Hand.)

(Goethe has made this the title and subject of an historical drama.)

Goffe (Captain), captain of the pirate vessel.—Sir W. Scott: The Pirate (time, William III.).

Gog, according to Ezek. xxxviii., xxxix., was “prince of Magog” (a country or people). Calmet says Cambysês king of Persia is meant; but others think Antiochus Epiphanês is alluded to.

Gog, in Rev. xx. 7–9, means Antichrist. Gog and Magog, in conjunction, mean all princes of the earth who are enemies of the Christian Church.

(Sale says Gog is a Turkish tribe.—Al Korân, xviii. note.)

Gog and Magog. Prester John, in his letter to Manuel C omnenus, emperor of Constantinople, speaks of Gog and Magog as two separate nations tributary to him. These, with thirteen others, he says, are now shut up behind inaccessible mountains, but at the end of the world they will be let loose, and will overrun the whole earth.—Albericus (Trium Fontium): Chronicles (1242).

Sale tells us that Gog and Magog are called by the Arabs “Yajûj” and “Majûj,” which are two nations or tribes descended from Japhet, son of Noah. Gog, according to some authorities, is a Turkish tribe; and Magog is the tribe called “Gilân” by Ptolemy, and “Geli” or “Galæ” by Strabo.—Al Korân, xviii. note.

Respecting the re-appearance of Gog and Magog, the Korân says, “They [the dead] shall not return…till Gog and Magog have a passage opened for them, and they [the dead] shall hasten from every high hill,” i.e. the resurrection (ch. xxi.).

Gog and Magog in London. The two statues of Guildhall so called are in reality the statues of Gogmagog or Goëmagot and Corineus, referred to in the next article. (See also Corineus.) The Albion giant is known

  By PanEris using Melati.

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