Gem Alphabet to Gentleman Smith
Gem of Normandy, Emma, daughter of Richard the Fearless, duke of Normandy. She first married Ethelred II. of England, and then Canute, but survived both, and died in 1052.
There is a story told that Emma was once brought to trial on various charges of public and private misconduct, but that she cleared herself by the ordeal of walking blindfold over red-hot ploughshares without being hurt.E. A. Freeman: Old English History, 265.
Gem of the Ocean. Ireland is called by T. Moore first gem of the ocean, first pearl of the sea.
Andrew, the bright blue sapphire, emblematic of his heavenly faith.
Bartholomew, the red carnelian, emblematic of his martyrdom.
James, the white chalcedony, emblematic of his purity.
James the Less, the topaz, emblematic of delicacy.
John, the emerald, emblematic of his youth and gentleness.
Matthew, the amethyst, emblematic of sobriety. Matthew was once a publican, but was sobered by the leaven of Christianity.
Matthias, the chrysolite, pure as sunshine.
Peter, the jasper, hard and solid as the rock of the Church.
Philip, the friendly sardonyx.
Simeon of Cana, the pink hyacinth, emblematic of sweet temper.
Thaddeus, the chrysoprase, emblematic of serenity and trustfulness.
Thomas, the beryl, indefinite in lustre, emblematic of his doubting faith.
January, the jacinth or hyacinth, symbolizing constancy and fidelity.
February, the amethyst, symbolizing peace of mind and sobriety.
March, the blood-stone or jasper, symbolizing courage and success in dangerous enterprise.
April, the sapphire and diamond, symbolizing repentance and innocence.
May, the emerald, symbolizing success in love.
June, the agate, symbolizing long life and health.
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