Crupp (Mrs.), a typical humbug, who let chambers in Buckingham Street for young gentlemen. David Copperfield lodged with her.—Dickens: David Copperfield (1849).

Crushed by Ornaments. Tarpeia, daughter of the governor of the Roman citadel on the Saturnian Hill, was tempted by the gold on the Sabine bracelets and collars to open a gate of the fortress to the besiegers, on condition that they would give her the ornaments which they wore on their arms. Tarpeia opened the gate, and the Sabines as they passed threw on her their shields, saying, “These are the ornaments worn by the Sabines on their arms,” and the maid was crushed to death. G. Gilfillan, alluding to Longfellow, has this erroneous allusion—

His ornaments, unlike those of the Sabine [sic] maid, have not crushed him.—Introductory Essay to Longfellow.

Crusoe (Robinson), the hero and title of a novel by Daniel Defoe. Robinson Crusoe is a shipwrecked sailor, who leads a solitary life for many years on a desert island, and relieves the tedium of life by ingenious contrivances (1719).

(The story is based on the adventures of Alexander Selkirk, a Scotch sailor, who in 1704 was left by captain Stradding on the uninhabited island of Juan Fernandez. Here he remained for four years and four months, when he was rescued by captain Woods Rogers and brought to England.)

Was there ever anything written by mere man that the reader wished longer except Robinson Crusoe, Don Quixote, and The Pilgrim’s Progress?—Dr. Johnson.

Cruth-Loda, the war-god of the ancient Gaels.

On thy top, U-thormo, dwells the misty Loda: the house of the spirits of men. In the end of his cloudy hall bends forward Cruth-Loda of swords. His form is dimly seen amid the wavy mists, his right hand is on his shield.—Ossian: Cath-Loda.

Crystalline (The). According to the theory of Ptolemy, the crystalline sphere comes after and beyond the firmament or sphere of the fixed stars. It has a shimmering motion, which somewhat interferes with that of the stars.

They pass the planets seven, and pass the “fixed,”
And that crystalline sphere whose balance weighs
The trepidation talked [of].

   —Milton: Paradise Lost, iii. (1665).

Cuckold King (The), sir Mark of Cornwall, whose wife Ysolde [E.sold] intrigued with sir Tristram (his nephew), one of the knights of the Round Table.

Cuckoo. Pliny (Nat. Hist. x. 9) says, “Cuckoos lay always in other birds’ nests.”

But, since the cuckoo builds not for himself,
Remain in’t as thou mayst.

   —Shakespeare: Antony and Cleopatra, act ii. sc. 6 (1608).

N.B.—The Bohemians say the festivals of the Virgin used to be held sacred even by dumb animals; and that on these sacred days all the birds of the air ceased building their nests except the cuckoo, which was therefore doomed to wander without having a nest of its own.

Cuddie or Cuthbert Headrigg, a ploughman, in the service of lady Bellenden of the Tower of Tillietudlem.—Sir W. Scott: Old Mortality (time, Charles II.).

Cuddy, a herdsman, in Spenser’s Shephearde’s Calendar, in three eclogues of which Cuddy is introduced—

  By PanEris using Melati.

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