The Oriental Catullus, Saadi or Sadi, a Persian poet. He married a rich merchant’s daughter, but the marriage was an unhappy one. His chief works are The Gulistan (or “garden of roses”), and The Bostan (or “garden of fruits”), (1176–1291).

Caudine Forks, a narrow pass in the mountains near Capua, now called “the Valley of Arpaia.” Here a Roman army under the consuls T. Veturius Calvinus and Sp. Postumius fell into the hands of the Samnites, and were made to “pass under the yoke.”

Caudle (Mrs. Margaret), a curtain lecturer, who between eleven o’clock at night and seven the next morning, delivered for thirty years a curtain lecture to her husband Job Caudle, generally a most gentle listener; if he replied, she pronounced him insufferably rude, and if he did not, he was insufferably sulky.—Douglas Jerrold: Punch (“The Caudle Papers”).

Cauline (Sir), a k night who served the wine to the king of Ireland. He fell in love with Christabelle, the king’s daughter, and she became his troth-plight wife, without her father’s knowledge. When the king knew of it, he banished sir Cauline. After a time the soldain asked the lady in marriage, but sir Cauline challenged his rival and slew him. He himself, however, died of the wounds he had received, and the lady Christabelle, out of grief, “burst her gentle hearte in twayne.”—Percy: Reliques, I. i. 4.

Caurus, the stormy west-north-west wind; called in Greek, Argestês.

The ground by piercing Caurus seared.
   —Thomson: Castle of Indolence, ii. (1748).

Caustic, of the Despatch newspaper, was the signature of Mr. Serle.

Christopher Caustic, the pseudonym of Thomas’ Green Fessenden, author of Terrible Tractoration, a Hudibrastic poem (1771–1837).

Caustic (Colonel), a fine gentleman of the last century, very severe on the degeneracy of the present race.—Henry Mackenzie, in The Lounger.

Cava, or Florida, daughter of St. Julian. It was the violation of Cava by Roderick that brought about the war between the Goths and the Moors, in which Roderick was slain (A.D. 711).

Cavalier (The), Eon de Beaumont, called by the French Le Chevalier d’Eon (1728–1810). Charles Breydel, the Flemish landscape painter (1677–1744). Francisco Cairo, the historian, called El Chevaliere del Cairo (1598–1674). Jean le Clerc, Le Chevalier (1587–1633). J. Bapt. Marini, the Italian poet, called Il Cavaliere (1569–1625). Andrew Michael Ramsay (1686–1743).

(James Francis Edward Stuart, the “Old Pretender,” was styled Le Chevalier de St. George (1688–1765). Charles Edward, the “Young Pretender,” was styled The Bonnie Chevalier or The Young Cavalier, 1720–1788.)

Cavalier (The History of a), a tale by Defoe (1723). So true to life that lord Chatham thought it was “a true biography.”

Cavalier Serventë, called in Spanish cortego and in Italian cicisbeo. A young gentleman who plays the gallant to a married woman, escorts her to places of public amusement, calls her coach, hands her to supper, buys her bouquets and opera tickets, etc.

He may resume his amatory care
As cavalier servente.

   —Byron: Don Juan, iii. 24 (1820).

Cavall, “king Arthur’s hound of deepest mouth.”—Tennyson: Idylls of the King (“Enid”).

Cave of Adullam, a cave in which David took refuge when he fled from king Saul; and thither resorted to him “every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented” (I Sam. xxii. I, 2). Mr.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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