ZABITA to ZANZIBAR
ZABITA, s. Hind. from Ar. zabita. An exact rule, a canon, but in the following it seems to be used
for a tariff of assessment:
1799.I have established the Zabeta for the shops in the Fort as fixed by
Macleod. It is to be paid annually.Wellington, i. 49.
ZAMORIN, s. The title for many centuries of the Hindu sovereign of Calicut and the country round. The
word is Malayal. Samutiri, Samuri, Tamatiri, Tamuri, a tadbhava (or vernacular modification) of Skt.
Samundri, the Sea-King. (See also Wilson, Mackenzie MSS. i. xcvii.) [Mr. Logan (Malabar, iii. Gloss.
s.v.) suggests that the title Samudri is a translation of the Rajas ancient Malayal. title of Kunnalakkon,
i.e. King (kon) of the hills (kunnu) and waves (ala). The name has recently become familiar in reference
to the curious custom by which the Zamorin was attacked by one of the candidates for his throne (see
the account by A. Hamilton (ed. 1744, i. 309 seq. Pinkerton, viii. 374) quoted by Mr. Frazer (Golden
Bough, 2nd ed. ii. 14 seq.).]
c. 1343.The sultan is a Kafir called the Samari.
When the time of our
departure for China came, the sultan, the Samari equipped for us one of the 13 junks which were lying
in the port of Calicut.Ibn Batuta, iv. 8994.
1442.I saw a man with his body naked like the rest of
the Hindus. The sovereign of this city (Calicut) bears the title of Samari. When he dies it is his sisters
son who succeeds him.Abdurrazzak, in India in the XVth. Cent. 17.
1498.First Calicut whither
The King whom they call Camolim (for Çamorim) can muster 100,000 men for war,
with the contingents that he receives, his own authority extending to very few.Roteiro de Vasco da
1510.Now I will speak of the King here in Calicut, because he is the most important King of all
those before mentioned, and is called Samory, which in the Pagan language means God on earth.Varthema,
134. The traveller confounds the word with tamburan, which does mean Lord. [Forbes (see
below) makes the same mistake.]
1516.This city of Calicut is very large.
This King became greater and
more powerful than all the others: he took the name of Zomodri, which is a point of honour above all
other Kings.Barbosa, 103.
[1552.Samarao. See under CELEBES.]
1553.The most powerful
Prince of this Malebar was the King of Calecut, who par excellence was called Camarij, which among
them is as among us the title Emperor.Barros, I. iv. 7.
[1554.Speaking of the Moluccas, Camarao,
which in their language means Admiral.Castanheda, Bk. vi. ch. 66.]
I wrote him a letter to tell
that, please God, in a short time the imperial fleet would come from Egypt to the Samari, and deliver
the country from the hands of the infidels.Sidi Ali, p. 83. [Vambéry, who in his translation betrays a
remarkable ignorance of Indian geography, speaks (p. 24) of Samiri, the ruler of Calcutta, by which
he means Calicut.]
1563.And when the King of Calecut (who has for title Samorim or Emperor)
Garcia, f. 58b.
Sentado o Gama junto ao rico leitoBy Burton:
Os seus mais affastados, prompto em vista
Estava o Samori no
trajo, e geyto
Da gente, nunca dantes delle vista.
Camões, vii. 59.
When near that splendid couch took place the guest
and others further off, prompt glance and keen
Samorin cast on folk whose garb and gest
were like to nothing he had ever seen.
1616.Under this year there is a note of a Letter from Underecoon-Cheete the Great Samorin or K. of
Calicut to K. James.Sainsbury, i. 462.
1673.Indeed it is pleasantly situated under trees, and it is the
Holy See of their Zamerhin or Pope.Fryer, 52.
1781.Their (the Christians) hereditary privileges
were respected by the Zamorin himself.Gibbon, ch. xlvii.
1785.A letter of Tippoos applies the term
to a tribe or class, speaking of 2000 Samories; who are these?Select Letters, 274.
is the only ancient sovereign in the South of India.T. Munro, in Life, i. 59.
1810.On our way we
saw one of the Zamorims houses, but he was absent at a more favoured residence of Paniany.Maria
[1814.The King of Calicut was, in the Malabar language, called Samory, or Zamorine,
that is to say, God on the earth.Forbes, Or. Mem. 2nd ed. i. 263. See quotation above from Varthema.]
nor did the conqueror (Hyder Ali) take any notice of the Zamorines complaints and supplications.
The unfortunate prince, after fasting three days, and finding all remonstrance vain, set fire to his palace,
and was burned, with some of his women and their brahmins.Ibid. iv. 2078; [2nd ed. ii. 477]. This