VACCA to VEDAS
[VACCA, VAKEA-NEVIS, s. Ar. wakiah, an event, news: wakiahnavis, a news-writer. These among
the Moghuls were a sort of registrars or remembrancers. Later they became spies who were sent into
the provinces to supply information to the central Government.
[c. 1590.Regulations regarding the Waqiahnawís. Keeping records is an excellent thing for a government.
His Majesty has appointed fourteen zealous, experienced, and impartial clerks.
Ain, i. 258.
is true that the Great Mogul sends a Vakea-nevis to the various provinces; that is persons whose
business it is to communicate every event that takes place.Bernier, ed. Constable, 231.
Peta Gi Pundit Vocanovice, or Publick Intelligencer.
[1687.Nothing appearing in the
Vacca or any other Letters untill of late concerning these broils.In Yule, Hedges Diary, II. lxiii.]
VACCINATION. Vaccine was first imported into Bombay viâ Bussora in 1802. Since then, says R. Drummond,
the British Governments in Asia have taken great pains to preserve and diffuse this mild instrument of
salvation. [Also see Forbes, Or. Mem. 2nd ed. ii. 374.]
adj. Relating to Vishnu; applied to the sectaries who especially worship him. In Bengali the term is converted into Boishnab.
also some hold Wistnou for the supreme god, and therefore are termed Wistnouwaes.Baldaeus.
choose Vishnoo for their guardian deity. These persons are called Voishnuvus.Ward,
Hindoos, 2nd ed. ii. 13.
VAKEEL, s. An attorney; an authorised representative. Arab. wakil.
[c. 1630.A Scribe, Vikeel.Persian Gloss. in Sir T. Herbert, ed. 1677, p. 316.]
1682.If Mr. Charnock
had taken the paines to present these 2 Perwannas (Purwanna) himself, tis probable, with a small
present, he might have prevailed with Bulchund to have our goods freed. However, at this rate any pitifull
Vekeel is as good to act ye Companys Service as himself. Hedges, Diary, Dec. 7; [Hak. Soc. i.
a copy whereof your Vackel James Price brought you from Dacca.In Yule, ibid. II.
1691.November the 1st, arrivd a Pattamar or Courrier, from our Fakeel, or Sollicitor at Court.
1811.The Raja has sent two Vakeels or ambassadors to meet me here.
Minto in India, 268.
c. 1847.If we go into Court I suppose I must employ a Vehicle.Letter from an
European subordinate to one of the present writers.
VARELLA, s. This is a term constantly applied by the old Portuguese writers to the pagodas of Indo-
China and China. Of its origin we have no positive evidence. The most probable etymology is that it is
the Malay barahla or brahla, [in Wilkinsons Dict. berhala], an idol. An idol temple is rumah-barahla,
a house of idols, but barahla alone may have been used elliptically by the Malays or misunderstood by
the Portuguese. We have an analogy in the double use of pagoda for temple and idol.
1555.Their temples are very large edifices, richly wrought, which they call Valeras, and which cost
a great deal.
Account of China in a Jesuits Letter appended to Fr. Alvarez H. of Ethiopia, translated
by Mr. Major in his Introd. to Mendoza, Hak. Soc. I. xlviii.
1569.Gran quantità se ne consuma ancora
in quel Regno nelle lor Varelle, che sono gli suo pagodi, de quali ve nè gran quantità di grandi e di piccioie,
e sono alcune montagnuole fatte a mano, a giusa dvn pan di zuccaro, el alcune desse alte quanti il
campanile di S. Marco di Venetia
si consuma in queste istesse varelle anco gran quantità di oro di
Ces. federici, in Ramusio, iii. 395; [in Hakl. ii. 368.]
nauigammo fin la mattina, che
ci trouammo alla Bara giusto di Negrais, che cosi si chiama in lor linguaggio il porto, che va in Pegu,
oue discoprimmo a banda sinistra del riuo vn pagodo, ouer varella tutta dorata, la quale si scopre di
lontano da vascelli, che vengono dalto mare, et massime quando il Sol percote in quell oro, che la
fà risplendere all intorno.
Gasparo Balbi, f. 92.1
1587.They consume in these Varellaes great
quantitie of Golde; for that they be all gilded aloft.Fitch, in Hakl. ii. 393; [and see quotation from same
1614.So also they have many Varelas, which are monasteries in which dwell their
religiosos, and some of these are very sumptuous, with their roofs and pinnacles all gilded.Couto,
VI. vii. 9.
More than one prominent geographical feature on the coast-navigation to China was known