SUMATRA to SUNDA
SUMATRA, s. Sudden squalls, precisely such as are described by Lockyer and the others below, and which are common in the narrow sea between the Malay Peninsula and the island of Sumatra, are called by this name.
1616. it befel that the galliot of Miguel de Macedo was lost on the Ilha Grande of Malaca (?), where he had come to anchor, when a Samatra arose that drove him on the island, the vessel going to pieces, though the crew and most part of what she carried were saved.Bocarro, Decada, 626.
[SUMJAO, v. This is properly the imp. of the H. verb samjhana, to cause to know, warn, correct, usually with the implication of physical coercion. Other examples of a similar formation will be found under PUCKEROW.
[1826. in this case they apply themselves to sumjao, the defendant.Pandurang Hari, ed. 1873, ii. 170.]
[SUMPITAN, s. The Malay blowing-tube, by means of which arrows, often poisoned, are discharged.
The weapon is discussed under SARBATANE. The word is Malay sumpitan, properly a narrow thing,
from sumpit, narrow, strait. There is an elaborate account of it, with illustrations, in Ling Roth, Natives
of Sarawak and Br. N. Borneo, ii. 184 seqq. Also see Scott, Malayan Words, 104 seqq. [c. 1630.Sempitans.
See under UPAS.
SUNDA, n.p. The western and most mountainous part of the island of Java, in which a language different
from the proper Javanese is spoken, and the people have many differences of manners, indicating distinction
of race. In the 16th century, Java and Sunda being often distinguished, a common impression grew up
that they were separate islands; and they are so represented in some maps of the 16th century, just as
some medieval maps, including that of Fra Mauro (1459), show a like separation between England and
Scotland. The name Sunda is more properly indeed that of the people than of their country. The Dutch
call them Sundanese (Soendanezen). The Sunda country is considered to extend from the extreme
western point of the island to Cheribon, i.e. embracing about one-third of the whole island of Java.
Hinduism appears to have prevailed in the Sunda country, and held its ground longer than in Java,
a name which the proper Javanese restrict to their own part of the island. From this country the sea
between Sumatra and Java got from Europeans the name of the Straits of Sunda. Geographers have
also called the great chain of islands from Sumatra to Timor the Sunda Islands.
1516.And having passed Samatara towards Java there is the island of Sunda, in which there is much good pepper, and it has a king over it, who they say desires to serve the King of Portugal. They ship thence many slaves to China.Barbosa, 196.
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