with which they weigh all merchandize is of 40 ceres, each cer 18 2/5 ounces; the said maund weighs 46½ arratels (rottle).”—A. Nunes, 37.

1648.—“One Ceer weighs 18 peysen … and makes m pound troy weight.”—Van Twist, 62.

1748.—“Enfin on verse le tout un serre de l’huile.”—Lett. Edif. xiv. 220.

SEER-FISH, s. A name applied to several varieties of fish, species of the genus Cybium. When of the right size, neither too small nor too big, these are reckoned among the most delicate of Indian sea- fish. Some kinds salt well, and are also good for preparing as Tamarind-Fish. The name is sometimes said to be a corruption of Pers. siah (qu. Pers. ‘black?’) but the quotations show that it is a corruption of Port. serra. That name would appear to belong properly to the well-known saw-fish (Pristis)—see Bluteau, quoted below; but probably it may have been applied to the fish now in question, because of the serrated appearance of the rows of finlets, behind the second dorsal and anal fins, which are characteristic of the genus (see Day’s Fishes of India, pp. 254–256, and plates lv., lvi.).

1554.—“E aos Marinheiros hum peixe cerra par mes, a cada hum.”—A. Nunez, Livro dos Pesos, 43.

„ “To Lopo Vaaz, Mestre of the firearms (espingardes), his pay and provisions. … And for his three workmen, at the rate of 2 measures of rice each daily, and half a seer fish (peixe serra) each monthly, and a maund of firewood each monthly.”—S. Botelho, Tombo, 235.

1598.—“There is a fish called Piexe Serra, which is cut in round pieces, as we cut Salmon and salt it. It is very good.”— Linschoten, 88; [Hak. Soc. ii. 11].

1720.—“PEYXE SERRA is ordinarily produced in the Western Ocean, and is so called” etc. (describing the Saw-fish) … “But in the Sea of the Islands of Qui-rimba (i.e. off Mozambique) there is a different peyxe serra resembling a large corvina,1 but much better, and which it is the custom to pickle. When cured it seems just like ham.”—Bluteau, Vocab. vii. 606–607.

1727.—“They have great Plenty of Seer- fish, which is as savoury as any Salmon or Trout in Europe.”—A. Hamilton, i. 379; [ed. 1744, i. 382].

[1813.—“… the robal, the seir-fish, the grey mullet … are very good.”— Forbes, Or. Mem. 2nd ed. i. 36.]

1860.—“Of those in ordinary use for the table the finest by far is the Seir-fish,2 a species of Scomber, which is called Toramalu by the natives. It is in size and form very similar to the salmon, to which the flesh of the female fish, notwithstanding its white colour, bears a very close resemblance, both in firmness and in flavour.”— Tennent’s Ceylon, i. 205.

SEERPAW, s. Pers. through Hind. sar-a-pa—‘cap-a-pie.’ A complete suit, presented as a Khilat (Killut) or dress of honour, by the sovereign or his representative.

c. 1666.—“He … commanded, there should be given to each of them an embroider’d Vest, a Turbant, and a Girdle of Silk Embroidery, which is that which they call Ser-apah, that is, an Habit from head to foot.”—Bernier, E.T. 37; [ed. Constable, 147].

1673.—“Sir George Oxendine … had a Collat (Killut) or Serpaw, a Robe of Honour from Head to Foot, offered him from the Great Mogul.”—Fryer, 87.

1680.—“Answer is returned that it hath not been accustomary for the Governours to go out to receive a bare Phyrmaund (Firmaun), except there come therewith a Serpow or a Tasheriffe (Tashreef).”— Ft. St. Geo. Consn. Dec. 2, in N. & E. No. iii. 40.

1715.—“We were met by Padre Stephanus, bringing two Seerpaws.”—In Wheeler, ii. 245.

1727.—“As soon as he came, the King embraced him, and ordered a serpaw or a royal Suit to be put upon him.”—A. Hamilton, i. 171 [ed. 1744].

1735.—“The last Nabob (Sadatulla) would very seldom suffer any but himself to send a Seerpaw; whereas in February last Sunta Sahib, Subder Ali Sahib, Jehare Khan and Imaum Sahib, had all of them taken upon them to send distinct Seerpaws to the President.”—In Wheeler, iii. 140.

1759.—“Another deputation carried six costly Seerpaws; these are garments which are presented sometimes by superiors in token of protection, and sometimes by inferiors in token of homage.”—Orme, i. 159.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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