SATIN to SAYER
SATIN, s. This is of course English, not Anglo-Indian. The common derivation [accepted by Prof. Skeat
(Concise Dict. 2nd ed. s.v.] is with Low Lat. seta, silk, Lat. seta, saeta, a bristle, a hair, through
the Port. setim. Dr. Wells Williams (Mid. King., ii. 123) says it is probably derived eventually from the
Chinese sz-tün, though intermediately through other languages. It is true that sztün or sz-twan is a
common (and ancient) term for this sort of silk texture. But we may remark that trade-words adopted
directly from the Chinese are comparatively rare (though no doubt the intermediate transit indicated
would meet this objection, more or less). And we can hardly doubt that the true derivation is that given
in Cathay and the Way Thither, p. 486; viz. from Zaitun or Zayton, the name by which Chwan-chau
(Chinchew), the great medieval port of western trade in Fokien, was known to western traders. We
find that certain rich stuffs of damask and satin were called from this place, by the Arabs, Zaitunia; the
Span. aceytuni (for satin), the medieval French zatony, and the medieval Ital. zetani, afford intermediate
steps. ), which are called from the name of the city zaitunia.Ibn Batuta, iv. 269.
SATRAP, s. Anc. Pers. khshatrapa, which becomes satrap, as khshayathiya becomes shah. The word comes to us direct from the Greek writers who speak o f Persia. But the title occurs not only in the books of Ezra, Esther, and Daniel, but also in the ancient inscriptions, as used by certain lords in Western India, and more precisely in Surashtra or Peninsular Guzerat. Thus, in a celebrated inscription regarding a dam, near Girnar:
c. A.D. 150. he, the Maha-Khshatrapa Rudradaman for the increase of his merit and fame, has rebuilt the embankment three times stronger.In Indian Antiquary, vii. 262. The identity of this with satrap was pointed out by James Prinsep, 1838 (J. As. Soc. Ben. vii. 345). [There were two Indian satra p dynasties, viz. the Western Satraps of Saurashtra and Gujarat, from about A.D. 150 to A.D. 388; for which see Rapson and Indraji, The Western Kshatrapas (J. R. A. S., N. S., 1890, p. 639); and the Northern Kshatrapas of Mathura and the neighbouring territories in the 1st cent. A.D. See articles by Rapson and Indraji in J.R.A.S.,N.S., 1894, pp. 525, 541.]
SATSUMA, n.p. Name of a city and formerly of a principality (daimioship) in Japan, the name of which is familiar not only from the deplorable necessity of bombarding its capital Kagosima in 1863 (in consequence of the murder of Mr. Richardson, and other outrages, with the refusal of reparation), but from the peculiar cream-coloured pottery made there and now well known in London shops.
1615.I said I had receued suffition at his highnes hands in havinge the good hap to see the face of soe mightie a King as the King of Shashma; whereat he smiled. Cockss Diary, i. 45.
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