RESIDENT to RHOTASS
RESIDENT, s. This term has been used in two ways which require distinction. Thus (a) up to the organization
of the Civil Service in Warren Hastingss time, the chiefs of the Companys commercial establishments in
the provinces, and for a short time the European chiefs of districts, were termed Residents. But later
the word was applied (b) also to the representative of the Governor-General at an important native
Court, e.g. at Lucknow, Delhi, Hyderabad, and Baroda. And this is the only meaning that the term now
has in British India. In Dutch India the term is applied to the chief European officer of a province (corresponding
to an Indian Zillah) as well as to the Dutch representative at a native Court, as at Solo and
1748.We received a letter from Mr. Henry Kelsall, Resident at Ballasore.Ft. William Consn., in Long, 3.b.
1798.Having received overtures of a very friendly nature from the Rajah of Berar, who has requested the presence of a British Resident at his Court, I have despatched an ambassador to Nagpore with full powers to ascertain the precise nature of the Rajahs views.Marquis Wellesley, Despatches, i. 99.
RESPONDENTIA, s. An old trade technicality, thus explained: Money which is borrowed, not upon the
vessel as in bottomry, but upon the goods and merchandise contained in it, which must necessarily
be sold or exchanged in the course of the voyage, in which case the borrower personally is bound to
answer the contract (Whartons Law Lexicon, 6th ed., 1876; [and see N.E.D. under Bottomry]). What
is now a part of the Calcutta Course, along the bank of the Hoogly, was known down to the first quarter
of the last century, as Respondentia Walk. We have heard this name explained by the supposition that
it was a usual scene of proposals and contingent jawaubs, (q.v.); but the name was no doubt, in reality,
given because this walk by the river served as a sort of Change, where bargains in Respondentia and
the like were made. [1685.
Provided he gives his Bill to repay itt in Syam,
with 20 p. Ct. Respondentia
on the Ship.
Pringle, Diary Ft. St. Geo., 1st ser. iv. 123.]
RESSAIDAR, s. P.H. Rasaidar. A native subaltern of irregular cavalry, under the Ressaldar (q.v.). It is not clear what sense rasai has in the formation of this title (which appears to be of modern devising). The meaning of that word is quickness of apprehension; fitness, perfection.
RESSALA, s. Hind. from Ar. risala. A troop in one of our regiments of native (so-called) Irregular Cavalry. The word was in India applied more loosely to a native corps of horse, apart from English regimental technicalities. The Arabic word properly means the charge or commission of a rasul, i.e. of a civil officer employed to make arrests (Dozy), [and in the passage from the Ain, quoted under RESSALDAR, the original text has Risalah]. The transition of meaning, as with many other words of Arabic origin, is very obscure.
1758.Presently after Shokum Sing and Harroon Cawn (formerly of Roy Dullubs Rissalla) came in and discovered to him the whole affair.Letter of W. Hastings, in Gleig, i. 70.
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