RADAREE to RAJPOOT
RADAREE, s. P.H. rah-dari, from rah-dar, road-keeper. A transit duty; sometimes black-mail. [Rah-
dari is very commonly employed in the sense of sending prisoners, &c., by escort from one police post
to another, as along the Grand Trunk road].
1620.Fra Nicolo Ruigiola Francescano genovese, il quale, passagiero, che dIndia andava in Italia,
partito alcuni giorni prima da Ispahan
poco di qua lontano era stato trattenuto dai rahdari, o custodi
.P. della Valle, ii. 99.
1622.At the garden Pelengon we found a rahdar or guardian of
the road, who was also the chief over certain other rahdari, who are usually posted in another place
2 leagues further on.Ibid. ii. 285.
1623.For Rahdars, the Khan has given them a firman to free
them, also firmans for a house
.Sainsbury, iii. p. 163.
that the goods
may not be stopped
pretence of taking Rhadaryes, or other dutyes
.Phirmaan of Shaw Orung Zeeb, in Forrest, Bombay
Letters, Home Series, i. 213.]
1673.This great officer, or Farmer of the Emperors Custom (the Shawbunder
[see SHABUNDER]), is obliged on the Roads to provide for the safe travelling for Merchants by a constant
for which Rhadorage, or high Imposts, are allowed by the Merchants, both at Landing and in
their passage inland.Fryer, 222.
1685.Here we were forced to compound with the Rattaree men,
for ye Dutys on our goods.Hedges, Diary, Dec. 15; [Hak. Soc. i. 213. In i. 100, Rawdarrie].
thus got rid of
the ráhdárí from which latter impost great annoyance had fallen upon travellers
and traders.Kháfi Khán, in Elliot, vii. 531.
[1744.Passing the river Kizilazan we ascended the mountains
by the Rahdar (a Persian toll) of Noglabar
.Hanway, i. 226.]
RAGGY, s. Ragi (the word seems to be Dec. Hindustani, [and is derived from Skt. raga, red, on
account of the colour of the grain]. A kind of grain, Eleusine Coracana, Gaertn.; Cynosurus Coracanus,
Linn.; largely cultivated, as a staple of food, in Southern India.
1792.The season for sowing raggy, rice, and bajera from the end of June to the end of August.Life
of T. Munro, iii. 92.
1793.The Mahratta supplies consisting chiefly of Raggy, a coarse grain,
which grows in more abundance than any other in the Mysore Country, it became necessary to serve
it out to the troops, giving rice only to the sick.Dirom, 10.
[1800.The Deccany Mussulmans call it
Ragy. In the Tamil language it is called Kevir (kezhvaragu).Buchanan, Mysore, i. 100.]
RAINS, THE, s. The common Anglo-Indian colloquial for the Indian rainy season. The same idiom, as
chuvas, had been already in use by the Portuguese. (See WINTER).
c. 1666.Lastly, I have imagined that if in Delhi, for example, the Rains come from the East, it may
yet be that the Seas which are Southerly to it are the origin of them, but that they are forced by reason
of some Mountains
to turn aside and discharge themselves another way
.Bernier, E.T., 138; [ed. Constable,
1707.We are heartily sorry that the Rains have been so very unhealthy with you.Letter in
setting in with great violence, overflowed the whole country.Orme,
Hist., ed. 1803, i. 153.
1868.The place is pretty, and although it is the Rains, there is scarcely
any day when we cannot get out.Bp. Milman, in Memoir, p. 67.
[RAIS, s. Ar. rais, from ras, the head, in Ar. meaning the captain, or master, not the owner of a
ship; in India it generally means a native gentleman of respectable position.
Reyses of all our Nauyes.Birdwood, First Letter Book, 435.
their chief (more worthless
in truth than a horsekeeper). In noteIn the original the word syse is introduced for the sake of a
jingle with the word Ryse (a chief or leader).Tippoos Letters, 18.
1870.Raees. See under RYOT.
petition was signed by representative landlords, raises.Pioneer Mail, April 13.]
RAJA, RAJAH, s. Skt. raja, king. The word is still used in this sense, but titles have a tendency to
degenerate, and this one is applied to many humbler dignitaries, petty chiefs, or large Zemindars. It is
also now a title of nobility conferred by the British Government, as it was by their Mahommedan predecessors,
on Hindus, as Nawab is upon Moslem. Rai, Rao, Rana, Rawal, Raya (in S. India), are other forms
which the word has taken in vernacular dialects or particular applications. The word spread with Hindu
civilisation to the eastward, and survives in the titles of Indo-Chinese sovereigns, and in those of Malay