PUNCH-HOUSE to PUNDIT
PUNCH-HOUSE, s. An Inn or Tavern; now the term is chiefly used by natives (sometimes in the hybrid
form Punch-ghar, [which in Upper India is now transferred to the meeting-place of a Municipal Board])
at the Presidency towns, and applied to houses frequented by seamen. Formerly the word was in general
Anglo-Indian use. [In the Straits the Malay Panchaus is, according to Mr. Skeat, still in use, though
the Commandore visiting us, wee delivering him another examination of a Persee (Parsee),
who kept a Punch house, where the murder was committed.
Forrest, Bombay Letters, Home Series,
i. 189.]In Notes
and Exts., No. I. p. 40.
1671-2.It is likewise enordered and declared hereby that no Victuallar, Punch-house, or other
house of Entertainment shall be permitted to make stoppage at the pay day of their wages.
Wheeler, iii. 423.
1676.Major Puckles Proposals to the Agent about the young men at Metchlepatam.
some pecuniary mulct or fine be imposed
6. Going to Punch or Rack-houses
without leave or warrantable occasion.
Drubbing any of the Companys Peons or servants.
at his return to Achen he constantly frequented an English Punch-house, spending his Gold
very freely.Dampier, ii. 134.
Mrs. Francis, wife to the late Lieutenant Francis killed at Hoogly by the
Moors, made it her petition that she might keep a Punch-house for her maintenance.In Wheeler,
1697.Monday, 1st April
Mr. Cheesely having in a Punch-house, upon a quarrel of words,
drawn his Sword
and being taxed therewith, he both doth own and justify the drawing of the sword
it thereupon ordered not to wear a sword while here.In Wheeler, i. 320.
Of late no small
Pains and Charge have been bestowed on its Buildings (of the Fort at Tellichery); but for what Reason I
unless it be for small Vessels
or to protect the Companys Ware-house, and a small Punch-
house that stands on the Sea-shore.
A. Hamilton, i. 299 [ed. 1744].
are obliged to
take up their residence in dirty punch-houses.Munros Narrative, 22.
1810.The best house of that
description which admits boarders, and which are commonly called Punch-houses.Williamson, V.M.
PUNCHAYET, s. Hind. panchayat, from panch, five. A council (properly of 5 persons) assembled as
a Court of Arbiters or Jury; or as a committee of the people of a village, of the members of a Caste, or
what-not, to decide on questions interesting the body generally.
1778.The Honourable WILLIAM HORN-BY, Esq., President and Governor of His Majestys Castle
and Island of Bombay, &c.
The humble Petition of the Managers of the Panchayet of Parsis at Bombay.
Framji, H. of the Parsis, 1884, ii. 219.
are governed by their own
panchaït or village Council. The word panchaït literally means a Council of five, but that of the Guebres
in Bombay consists of thirteen of the principal merchants of the sect.Maria Graham, 41.
carpet of justice was spread in the large open hall of the durbar, where the arbitrators assembled: there
I always attended, and agreeably to ancient custom, referred the decision to a panchaeet or jury of
five persons.Forbes, Or. Mem., ii. 359; [in 2nd ed. (ii. 2) Panchaut].
1819.The punchayet itself,
although in all but village causes it has the defects before ascribed to it, possesses many advantages.
The intimate acquaintance of the members with the subject in dispute, and in many cases with the characters
of the parties, must have made their decisions frequently correct, and
the judges being drawn from the
body of the people, could act on no principles that were not generally understood.Elphinstone, in
Life, ii. 89.
1821.I kept up punchaycts because I found them
I still think that the punchayet should
on no account be dropped, that it is an excellent institution for dispensing justice, and in keeping up the
principles of justice, which are less likely to be observed among a people to whom the administration
of it is not at all intrusted.Ibid. 124.
when he returns assemble a punchayet, and give this
cause patient attention, seeing that Hybatty has justice.Pandurang Hari, 31; [ed. 1873, i. 42].
Regn. VI. of this year allows the judge of the Sessions Court to call in the alternative aid of
a punchayet, in lieu of assessors, and so to dispense with the futwa. See LAW-OFFICER.
the death of Runjeet Singh to the battle of Sobraon, the Sikh Army was governed by Punchayets
or Punchescommittees of the soldiery. These bodies sold the Government to the Sikh chief who
paid the highest, letting him command until murdered by some one who paid higher.Sir C. Napier,