PADDY to PADDY-FIELD
PADDY, s. Rice in the husk; but the word is also, at least in composition, applied to growing rice. The
word appears to have in some measure, a double origin.
There is a word batty (see BATTA) used by
some writers on the west coast of India, which has probably helped to propagate our uses of paddy.
This seems to be the Canarese batta or bhatta, rice in the husk, which is also found in Mahr. as bhat
with the same sense, a word again which in Hind. is applied to cooked rice. The last meaning is that of
Skt. bhakta, which is perhaps the original of all these forms.
But in Malay padi [according to Mr. Skeat,
usually pronounced padi] Javan. pari, is rice in the straw. And the direct parentage of the word in
India is thus apparently due to the Archipelago; arising probably out of the old importance of the export
trade of rice from Java (see Raffles, Java, i. 239240, and Crawfurds Hist. iii. 345, and Descript. Dict.,
368). Crawfurd, (Journ. Ind. Arch., iv. 187) seems to think that the Malayo-Javanese word may have
come from India with the Portuguese. But this is impossible, for as he himself has shown (Desc. Dict.,
u.s.), the word pari, more or less modified, exists in all the chief tongues of the Archipelago, and even
in Madagascar, the connection of which last with the Malay regions certainly was long prior to the arrival
of the Portuguese.
1580.Certaine Wordes of the naturall language of Jaua
Paree, ryce in the huske.Sir F. Drakes
Voyage, in Hakl. iv. 246.
1598.There are also divers other kinds of Rice, of a lesse price, and slighter
than the other Ryce, and is called Batte
Linschoten, 70; [Hak. Soc. i. 246].
1600.In the fields is
such a quantity of rice, which they call bate, that it gives its name to the kingdom of Calou, which is
called on that account Batecalou.Lucena, Vida do Padre F. Xavier, 121.
oryzae quoque agri
feraces quam Batum incolae dicunt.Jarric, Thesaurus, i. 461.
1673.The Ground between this and
the great Breach is well ploughed, and bears good Batty.Fryer, 67, see also 125. But in the Index
he has Paddy.
1798.The paddie which is the name given to the rice, whilst in the husk, does not
in compact ears, but like oats, in loose spikes.Stavorinus, tr. i. 231.
1837.Parrots brought 900,000
loads of hill-paddy daily, from the marshes of Chandata,mice husking the hill-paddy, without breaking
it, converted it into rice.Turnours Mahawanso, 22.
1871.In Ireland Paddy makes riots, in Bengal
raiyats make paddy; and in this lies the difference between the paddy of green Bengal, and the Paddy
of the Emerald Isle.Govinda Samanta, ii. 25.
1878.Il est établi un droit sur les riz et les paddys
exportés de la Colonie, excepté pour le Cambodge par la voie du fleuve.Courrier de Saigon, Sept. 20.
PADDY-BIRD, s. The name commonly given by Europeans to certain baser species of the family Ardeidae
or Herons, which are common in the rice-fields, close in the wake of grazing cattle. Jerdon gives it as
the Europeans name for the Ardeola leucoptera, Boddaert, andha bagla (blind heron) of the Hindus,
a bird which is more or less coloured. But in Bengal, if we are not mistaken, it is more commonly applied
to the pure white birdHerodias alba, L., or Ardea Torra, Buch. Ham., and Herodias egrettoides, Temminck,
or Ardea putea, Buch. Ham.
1727.They have also Store of wild Fowl; but who have a Mind to eat them must shoot them. Flamingoes
are large and good Meat. The Paddy-bird is also good in their season.A. Hamilton, i. 161; [ed. 1744,
1868.The most common bird (in Formosa) was undoubtedly the Padi bird, a species of
heron (Ardea prasinosceles), which was constantly flying across the padi, or rice-fields.Collingwood,
Rambles of a Naturalist, 44.
PADDY-FIELD, s. A rice-field, generally in its flooded state.
1759.They marched onward in the plain towards Prestons force, who, seeing them coming, halted on
the other side of a long morass formed by paddy-fields.Orme, ed. 1803, iii. 430.
not a single paddy-field in the whole county, but plenty of cotton ground (see REGUR) swamps, which
in this wet weather are delightful.Wellington to Munro, in Despatches, July 3.
country was in high cultivation, consequently the paddy-fields were nearly impassable.Ld. Valentia,